中药过敏反应文献分析与认知情况问卷调查The Literature Analysis and Questionnaire Survey of Cognitive Situation about Chinese Medicine Allergic Reaction
樊孟, 陈玉琼, 刘晓波, 张菊艳, 邹琴, 张萃, 李川海, 龚节合, 黄斌, 王世芳
中药, 注射剂, 超敏反应, 类过敏, 问卷调查Traditional Chinese Medicine, Injection, Hypersensitivity, Anaphylactoid, Questionnaire Survey
《Advances in Clinical Medicine》, Vol.5 No.2, 2015-06-08
Objective: To enhance people’s cognition for traditional Chinese medicine knowledge and use, reasonable use, reduce the adverse reaction of traditional Chinese medicine. Methods: First, re-trieve traditional Chinese medicine injections which are commonly used and caused lots of allergic reactions cases in the report by the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, statistic data about the patient’s general situation and allergic reaction type and so on, and sort result; second, investigate Guangzhou residents perceptions of Chinese medicine allergic reaction, and make a careful analysis of related contents in the valid questionnaires. Results: Retrieve 1352 allergic cases were caused by traditional Chinese medicine injection, the effective rates of type I immune hypersensitivity reactions, males and adults were 94.75%, 54.22% and 74.56% respectively. In 268 effective questionnaires, the effective rates were 10.77% for the first time allergy which was caused by using traditional Chinese medicine, 55.38% residents were not clear; women which often used traditional Chinese medicine made up 64.62%; it accounted for 42.93%, 51.52% respectively because traditional Chinese medicine were effective and less side effects to use it. Conclusion: In the allergy type of clinical drug, type I allergic reaction or anaphylactoid can not be neglected. Improve people’s cognition of the traditional Chinese medicine, traditional Chinese medicine is a national treasure, but it should pay attention to choose the suitable dosage forms, correct and reasonable use, guarantee the safety of medication.