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食用菌多糖的生物学活性及提取纯化研究进展Progress in the Study of the Biological Activities and Extraction and Purification of Edible Mushroom Polysaccharides
食用菌, 多糖, 生物学活性Edible Mushroom, Polysaccharide, Biological Activity
《Advances in Microbiology》, Vol.4 No.3, 2015-09-21
Edible Mushroom polysaccharides exhibit varied bio-activities such as immunomodulation, anti-cancer, prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, antimicrobial and antiviral effects. Multiple steps of extraction, separation and purification are needed to get high yield and high purity of edible mushroom polysaccharides. The biological activities of edible mushroom polysaccharides are significantly affected by their sequences, structures, and quaternary configurations, and thus systematic characterization of the structures and configurations is indespensible for understanding the biological functions of the edible mushroom polysaccharides. This article reviews the main methods of isolation, purification and structural characterization of the edible mushroom polysaccharide, as well as some of the important biological activities.