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英国高等教育的质量保障体系的演进和发展The Evolution and Development of UK Higher Education Quality Assurance System
英国高等教育质量保障体系, 大学自治, 演进UK Higher Education Quality Assurance System, University Autonomy, Evolution
《Advances in Education》, Vol.6 No.3, 2016-05-19
There is a long history in the Higher Education in United Kingdom, in the past several centuries, the approach of university autonomy made a firm foundation for its quality assurance. Since the 1960s, along with the economic and social development, the UK higher education entered the popularization stage, the confliction between quantity and quality began to appear. As a result, the quality of higher education started to receive continuous attention. In general, the UK Higher Education Quality Assurance System experienced different phases from relying on the university autonomy only to strengthening external control, and then to the combination mode in which the focus is still on the university self-control while external accreditation is also employed. The new mode is not only applicable to the UK higher education system, but also covers the quality assessment of its overseas cooperative education institution, which is widely recognized in the aspect of evaluating the quality of education. These developments reflect how the UK Quality Assurance System of Higher Education respects the higher education law, as well as its rigorous, pragmatic and flexible characteristics. From an international point of view, the understanding of evolution of UK Higher Education Quality Assurance System and the study of cooperative education quality assurance system of higher education have a profound theoretical and practical significance to improve and perfect quality assurance system of higher education in China.