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艾滋病并发症的影像学研究现状与临床应用Research Status and Clinical Application of AIDS Complications Imaging
张荣萍, 王涛, 宋立江
获得性免疫缺陷综合症, 并发症, 影像学AIDS, Complications, Imaging
《Advances in Clinical Medicine》, Vol.6 No.2, 2016-06-13
艾滋病患者死亡的主要原因是由于其机体免疫系统受到极度抑制甚至破坏而导致的多种并发症。依据病变起源可分为①人类免疫缺陷病毒病变(HIV)本身所致的病变。②机会性感染。③相关性肿瘤。艾滋病最常见的机会性感染是肺结核，双重感染时HIV和结核杆菌相互促进，相互影响，使患者病情更加复杂，并给患者带来沉重的身心负担和经济负担。因此，艾滋病的早期预防和并发症的正确诊断是提高患者治疗效果和生活质量的关键。The complications of AIDS that due to their immune system suppression and even received extreme damage are main causes of death in AIDS patients. Lesions can be divided according to the origin: ① The human immunodeficiency virus disease (HIV) itself induced lesions; ② opportunistic infections; ③ related tumors. The most common opportunistic infection of AIDS is tuberculosis. Double infections of HIV and Mycobacterium tuberculosis affect each other, promote each other, so the patient’s condition is more complex, bringing heavy physical and mental burden and economic burden to patients. The keys for improving the therapeutic efficacy of AIDS and life quality of AIDS patients are early identiﬁcation of HIV carriers, advanced prevention of AIDS complications and accurate diagnosis of AIDS.