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P. F. Sullivan, M. C. Neale and K. S. Kendler. Genetic epidemiology of major depres-sion: Review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2000, 157(10): 1552-1562.

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  • 标题: 注意偏向修正对心血管应激反应的影响The Effect of Attentional Bias Modification on the Cardiovascular Stress Reactivity

    作者: 段文杰

    关键字: 注意偏向, 注意偏向修正, 心血管应激反应Attentional Bias; Attentional Bias Modification; Cardiovascular Stress Reactivity

    期刊名称: 《Asian Case Reports in Vascular Medicine》, Vol.1 No.1, 2012-11-27

    摘要: 尽管随着世界范围内现代医学的进步,对心血管疾病的诱发因素进行了大量、集中、深入的研究,但据WHO公布的数据说明心血管疾病的患病率在全球范围还是不断增高,因此这突出表明在整体医学不断发展的背景下,有必要采用生理–心理–社会医学模式来发现突破传统生化指标监测的新方法,在器质性疾病形成以前,起到预防、识别和干预有发展成心血管疾病风险的个人。以往研究表明,个体在面对压力源时,心血管会对压力产生相应反应,被称为心血管应激反应性,而这种长期的、不恰当的生理反应会最终导致器质性病变,即心血管疾病的产生。因此本文通过文献回顾,提出可在理论与实践两个维度进行探究的新命题:通过对个体注意偏向的修正改变其对负面信息(如压力源)的认知加工过程,从而降低个体在面对压力时产生的心血管应激反应性,最终达到减轻不恰当生理反应,降低发展成心血管疾病风险的目的。 Although with worldwide progress of modern medicine, there have been a lot of the centralized and deep researches about precipitating factors of cardiovascular disease, data published by WHO shows the morbidity rate of cardiovascular disease in the global scope has increased, so this highlights that under the background of the whole development of modern medicine, it is necessary to employ the physiological-psychological-social medical model to find a new method to break through traditional biochemical monitoring index, which can prevent, identify and intervene the individual who will develop into the risk of cardiovascular disease before the organic disease formed. Previous researches have suggested that, in the face of the pressure source, individual system will react to it, which is called cardiovascular stress reactivity, and this kind of long-term, inappropriate physiology reaction can eventually lead to organic lesion, namely the generation of cardiovascular disease. This paper is to utilize literature review to explore the following subjects in two dimensions of theory and practice: correct individual attention bias to change the cognitive process of negative information (such as the pressure source), so as to reduce the cardiovascular stress reactivity produced by individual when facing pressure, eventually to reduce improper physiology reaction and the risk of developing into cardiovascular disease.