McFarland, M.J., Kumarsamy, K., Brobst, R.B., Hais, A. and Schmitz, M. (2010) Protecting groundwater quality at biosolids land application sites using EPA’s multimedia, multi-pathway, multi-receptor exposure and risk assessment (3MRA) technology. Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, 4, 783-796.
Application and Development of 3MRA Model and Its Application Prospect Analysis in Environmental Risk Assessment
吴晓霞, 陈扬, 尹连庆, 刘俐媛, 李路远, 张智勇
3MRA, 环境风险, 数学模型, 环境决策3MRA, Environmental Risk, Mathematic Model, Environmental Decision-Making
《Advances in Environmental Protection》, Vol.4 No.3, 2014-06-25
3MRA(the Multimedia, Multi–pathway, Multi-receptor Exposure and Risk Assessment)是第一代模型，是一种在不确定条件下，针对全国性多介质、多途径和多受体进行风险评估的体系，用于评估废物处置区域内对生态、人类构成风险的污染物的浓度阈值。本文中，通过对3MRA模型及其在国内外发展应用现状的综述，认为模型具有良好的应用发展前景，并从4个方面提出借鉴使用模型的建议方法，为我国废物管理提供决策依据。
A first-generation model—the Multimedia, Multi-pathway, Multi-receptor Exposure and Risk Assessment (3MRA) is a flexible framework for conducting nationwide multimedia, multi-pathway and multi-receptor risk assessments under uncertainty, which is developed to estimate protective chemical concentration limits in a source area. In this paper, according to the summary of the 3MRA model and its development and application at home and abroad, it is affirmed that 3MRA model has a good prospect of application. Finally, the methods of referencing and using model are proposed from four aspects, providing decision-making basis for waste management in our country.