ML  >> Vol. 1 No. 2 (August 2013)

    从语言使用者的动态认知角度确定常规英语名词的可数性
    Towards Countability of Normal English Nouns from a Language User’s Dynamic Perspective

  • 全文下载: PDF(179KB) HTML   XML   PP.30-35   DOI: 10.12677/ML.2013.12006  
  • 下载量: 2,036  浏览量: 8,995   科研立项经费支持

作者:  

陈崇崇:浙江师范大学外国语学院,金华

关键词:
常规英语名词可数性语言使用者动态认知角度认知语法Normal English Nouns; Countability; A Language User’s Dynamic Perspective; Cognitive Grammar

摘要:

为了对英语中大量存在的常规名词在可数性方面灵活运用这一现象做出统一解释,本文结合动态认知观点,提出英语常规名词的可数性无法预先设定,而需从语言使用者所要表达的动态认知角度加以确定,其可数性取决于是否用于表达对个体有界性或分门别类的认知。这一观点理论上符合以使用为基础的认知语法模式,同时在实践上将对EFL学习者准确理解和使用常规英语名词具有重要意义。

For a unified account of the dynamic countability of abundant normal nouns in English, this paper, following the assumption of dynamic cognition, proposes that countability should not be a pre-established feature of the normal noun; rather, its countability be approached from an English user’s dynamic perspective, depending on whether the noun is intended to denote an individuated unit or a particular sort. Theoretically, the proposal is thus made in accordance with usage-based cognitive grammar, and practically it will be of significance for EFL learners in their accurate comprehension and expression of the normal English nouns.

文章引用:
陈崇崇. 从语言使用者的动态认知角度确定常规英语名词的可数性[J]. 现代语言学, 2013, 1(2): 30-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ML.2013.12006

参考文献

[1] S. Greenbaum. Good English and the grammarian. London: Long- man, 1988: 33.
[2] Quirk, et al. A comprehensive grammar of the English language. London: Longman, 1985: 247.
[3] K. Allan. Nouns and countability. Language, 1980, (56): 541-567.
[4] R. W. Langacker. Cognitive grammar: A basic introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008: 131.
[5] R. M. W. Dixon. A new approach to English grammar: On se- mantic principles. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991: 70.
[6] R. Huddleston, G. K. Pullum. The Cambridge grammar of the English language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002: 325.
[7] 亚历山大著. 雷航译. 朗文英语语法[M]. 北京: 外语教学与研究出版社, 1991: 74-76.
[8] R. Huddleston. Introduction to the grammar of English. Cam- bridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984: 246-248.
[9] 任绍曾. 叶斯帕森语言选集[C]. 长沙: 湖南教育出版社, 2006: 298.
[10] J. R. Taylor. Why construction grammar is radical. Annual Re- view of Cognitive Linguistics, 2004, (2): 321-348.
[11] G. Yule. Explaining English grammar. Shanghai: Shanghai Fo- reign Language Education Press, 2002: 32.
[12] J. Lyons. Semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977: 227.
[13] W. Croft. Radical construction grammar: Syntactic theory in typological perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001: 128-129.
[14] G. Lackoff and M. Johnson. Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1980: 3-4.
[15] 王寅. 象似性辨证说优于任意性支配说[J]. 外语与外语教学, 2003, (5): 3-8.
[16] W. Reid. Verb and noun number in English: A functional ex- planation. New York: Longman, 1991: 40.
[17] E. Sweetser. From etymology to pragmatics: Metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure. Beijing: Peking Univer- sity Press, 2002: 1-2.
[18] O. Jespersen. The growth and structure of the English language. New York: Doubleday, 1955: 16-19.
[19] D. Bolinger. Meaning and form. New York: Longman, 1979.
[20] W. Croft, D. A. Cruse. Cognitive linguistics. Cambridge: Cam- bridge University Press, 2004: 291.
[21] J. Bybee. Language, usage and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010: 109-110.
[22] 张韧. 关于词类本质的一个动态认知视角[J]. 当代语言学, 2009, (3): 233-243.
[23] D. Larsen-Freeman. From grammar to grammaring. Boston: Heinle, 2003: 50-51.
[24] J. Bybee, D. Eddington. A usage-based exemplar model approach to Spanish verbs of “becoming”. Language, 2006, (82): 323-355.