AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 8 (August 2017)

    留守经历大学生自我效能感与社会适应的关系:心理韧性的中介作用
    The Relationship between Self Efficacy and Social Adaptation of College Students with Left-behind Experience: Mediating Effect of Psychological Resilience

  • 全文下载: PDF(439KB) HTML   XML   PP.1058-1067   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2017.78133  
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作者:  

尹浩楠:湖南师范大学教育科学学院,湖南 长沙

关键词:
留守经历自我效能感社会适应心理韧性Left-Behind Experience Self-Efficacy Social Adaptation Psychological Resilience

摘要:

目的:探究留守经历大学生自我效能感与社会适应能力之间的关系,以及心理韧性在两者之间所起的中介效应。方法:选用一般自我效能感量表(GSES)、青少年心理韧性量表(HKRA)和社会适应能力诊断量表(SADS)对292名留守经历大学生进行调查。结果:1)自我效能感在性别和年级方面均有显著差异;2)社会适应能力在年级方面有显著差异;3)心理韧性在性别与年级方面均有显著差异。其中支持力总分在性别与年级方面均有显著差异,个人力总分在年级方面有显著差异;4)自我效能感、心理韧性与社会适应能力均显著正相关,自我效能感与心理韧性显著正相关;5)心理韧性的个人力在自我效能感与社会适应能力的关系中起着完全中介的作用;6)心理韧性的支持力在自我效能感与社会适应能力的关系中起着部分中介的作用。结论:留守经历大学生自我效能感和心理韧性是影响其社会适应的重要因素。

Objective: To explore the relations between the self-efficacy and social adaptation of the college students who had the left-behind experience, as well as the mediating effect of their psychological resilience. Methods: by using the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), the Psychological Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents (HKRA) and Social Adaptability Diagnosis Scale (SADS) to survey 292 college students with left-behind experience. Results: 1) Self-efficacy has significant difference in gender and grade; 2) Social adaptation ability has significant difference in grade; 3) Psychological resilience has significant difference in gender and grade, which the total score of supportive power of their psychological resilience has significant difference in gender and grade; and the total score of individual power of their psychological resilience only has significant difference in grade; 4) There is a significant correlation between their self-efficacy, psychological resilience and social adaptation; there is also a significant correlation between their self-efficacy and psychological resilience; 5) The individual power of their psychological resilience fully mediates between their self-efficacy and social adaptation; 6) The supportive power of their psychological resilience partially mediates between their self-efficacy and social adaptation. Conclusion: Self-efficacy and psychological resilience of college students with left-behind experience are important factors which have an effect on their social adaptation.

文章引用:
尹浩楠 (2017). 留守经历大学生自我效能感与社会适应的关系:心理韧性的中介作用. 心理学进展, 7(8), 1058-1067. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.78133

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https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511529320.030