AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 9 (September 2017)

    天津市大学生健康行为与健康水平评估
    Assessment of Health Behaviors and Health of University Students in Tianjin

  • 全文下载: PDF(355KB) HTML   XML   PP.1089-1095   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2017.79136  
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作者:  

张绍兴:天津行政学院,天津;
郭 涵:天津科技大学,天津

关键词:
大学生健康行为健康水平College Students Healthy Behaviors Healthy Level

摘要:

本研究采用马丁健康行为自评问卷、健康水平自评问卷,以天津市四所高校大二学生为研究对象,对数据进行统计分析,结果如下:1) 被调查对象中52.91%的大学生的健康行为需要进一步提升,27.5%的被试大学生健康水平得分处于不及格状态,优秀者仅为7.94%。2) 男女大学生被试在饮食行为、控制体重、定期检查及性行为4个维度上存在显著差异;女大学生被试在饮食、控制体重、疾病检查方面较男性更主动、积极;而男性在性行为维度上更主动。3) 两性被试的大学生在健康水平上,在正性情绪、社会适应维度上存在差异,男性高于女性被试。经回归方程分析,性行为、运动行为对生理健康、心理健康、社会健康,还有整体健康水平都具有预测和解释作用。4) 经事后分析,运动、性行为不仅能提高正性情绪、认知能力,同时还可以促进社会适应、社会接触、社会支持及社会健康,而且提升整体健康水平。

This study, using Martin self-reported questionnaire of self-evaluation of health and health behavior questionnaire, taking the sophomore at four universities in Tianjin as the research object, analyzes the data statistically. The results are as follows: 1) 52.91% of the respondents the health behavior of college students need to further improve, 27.5% of subjects scores are in a failed state, the health level of college students is 0.5%. 2) There were significant differences between male and female college students in the four dimensions of dietary behavior, weight control, regular examination and sexual behavior. 3) Female college students are more active in diet, weight control and disease control. Men are more active in the sexual dimension. In the healthy level, the students of both sexes were different from positive emotions and social adaptation dimensions, and men were more likely to be tested. Regression equation analysis, sexual behavior, exercise behavior to physical health, mental health, social health, and overall health level have the prediction and explanation function. 4) With hindsight, movement and sexual behavior not only can improve the positive emotions, cognitive ability, but also can promote social adaptation, social contact, social support and social health, and promote overall health level.

文章引用:
张绍兴, 郭涵 (2017). 天津市大学生健康行为与健康水平评估. 心理学进展, 7(9), 1089-1095. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.79136

参考文献

[1] 郑希付, 王瑶(主编) (2003). 健康心理学(页19-20, 161). 上海: 华东师范大学出版社.
[2] 中国计生协会(2016). 大学生性与生殖健康现状调查报告. 央广网(北京), 9月26日.