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Wollaston, W.H. (1802) A Method of Examining Refractive and Dispersive Powers, by Prismatic Reflection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 92, 365-380. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstl.1802.0014

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  • 标题: 普朗克常数与光子静止质量常数统一实验分析Unified Experimental Analysis of Planck Constant and Photons Rest Mass Constant

    作者: 吴先金

    关键字: 光子静止质量常数, 普朗克常数, 吸收光谱, 黑体辐射, 光电效应Photons Rest Mass Constant, Planck’s Constant, Absorption Spectrum, Blackbody Radiation, Photoelectric Effect

    期刊名称: 《Modern Physics》, Vol.6 No.6, 2016-11-22

    摘要: 光子有没有静止质量是物理学的一个基本问题。爱因斯坦将普朗克常数h作为光子的能量常数,表明光子没有静止质量。本文对吸收光谱、普朗克黑体辐射公式和爱因斯坦光电效应理论与实验进行分析研究,结果表明普朗克常数h不是光子的能量常数,而是原子核外轨道电子或金属导带自由电子的能量常数,并提出了光子静止质量常数hm假设。以光子静止质量常数和普朗克常数同时解释吸收光谱、黑体辐射和光电效应以及其他相关物理实验更具有合理性。本文对普朗克常数h与光子静止质量常数hm的论证,为物理学相关理论与实验的发展提出了新的思路。 Whether the rest mass of photon is zero is one of the fundamental problems in physics. Einstein used Planck’s constant h as a constant of the photon energy, indicating that the photon is no rest mass. In this paper, the analysis and research results of the absorption spectroscopy, Planck’s blackbody radiation equation, Einstein’s photoelectric effect theory and experiment show that Planck’s constant h is not the energy constant of the photon but rather the energy constant of the nucleus outside orbit electrons or metal conduction band free electrons. A constant hm of photons rest mass is assumed. It is more reasonable that the photon rest mass constant and Planck’s constant are used to explain the absorption spectra, blackbody radiation and the photoelectric effect, and other related physical experiment. The argument about Planck’s constant h and constant hm of photons rest mass put forward new ideas for the development of relevant theoretical and experimental physics.