现代语言学  >> Vol. 2 No. 4 (November 2014)

零形回指在汉语不同体裁语篇中的分布
Distribution of Zero Anaphora in Chinese Texts of Different Genres

DOI: 10.12677/ML.2014.24022, PDF, HTML, 下载: 2,280  浏览: 7,480  国家科技经费支持

作者: 蒋 平, 承 云:南昌大学外国语学院,南昌

关键词: 零形回指分布多体裁分析Zero Anaphora Distribution Multi-Genre Analysis

摘要: 研究选取了三种汉语常用体裁的语篇,对其中的零形回指数量与分布进行分析和比较。从数量看,新闻语篇和学术语篇中的零形回指偏少,叙事语篇偏多。从位置分布看,新闻语篇最简单,叙事语篇最复杂。在共性方面,无论是零形回指的位置还是先行语位置,三种体裁都以主语为主,而且,排在前三位的都是S-S、T-S、O-S位置关系的零形回指。其他位置关系的零形回指很少。这些共性对于进行汉语零形回指规则描写和计算机应用均具有意义。
Abstract: Texts of three genre types were selected to study and compare the amount and the distribution of zero anaphora in Chinese. It is found that journal and academic texts use much less zero anaphora than narratives. The positional distribution in journal texts is the simplest while the one in narra-tive texts is the most complicated. The commonalities are that the subject position is predominant for both the zero anaphors and their antecedents and that S-S, T-S, O-S positional relations rank as the top three for all the three genre types in Chinese.

文章引用: 蒋平, 承云. 零形回指在汉语不同体裁语篇中的分布[J]. 现代语言学, 2014, 2(4): 179-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ML.2014.24022

参考文献

[1] Jiang, P. (2004) Syntactic and discourse features of zero anaphora: With specific reference to its resolution in Chinese. Ph.D. Thesis, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai.
[2] 陈平 (1987) 汉语零形回指的话语分析. 中国语文, 5, 363-378.
[3] 蒋平 (2004) 零形回指现象考察. 汉语学习, 3, 23-28.
[4] 蒋平 (2011) 指向宾语的零形回指. 南昌大学学报, 5, 122-126.
[5] 徐纠纠 (2003) 现代汉语篇章回指研究. 中国社会科学出版社, 北京.
[6] 杨宁 (2010) 汉语零形回指: 基于话题的分析. 华南师范大学学报, 6, 34-40.
[7] 曾小荣 (2011) 汉语自然会话与剧作会话中第三人称零形回指现象对比研究. 解放军外国语学院学报, 2, 18-22..
[8] Duan, M. (2006) Parameter setting in centering theory and its effects on Chinese anaphora resolution: An empirical study. Ph.D. Thesis, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai.
[9] Hu, Q. (2008) A corpus-based study on zero ana-phora resolution in Chinese discourse. Ph.D. Thesis, City University of Hongkong, Hongkong.
[10] Yeh, C.-L. and Chen, Y.-C. (2001) An empirical study of zero anaphora resolution in Chinese based on centering theory. Proceedings of ROCLING XIV, Tainan.
[11] 段嫚娟, 许余龙, 付相君 (2009) 前瞻中心的排序对指代消解的影响——一项向心理论参数化实证研究. 外国语, 3, 20-27.
[12] 侯敏, 孙建军 (2005) 汉语中的零形回指及其在机器翻译中的处理对策. 中文信息学报, 1, 14-20.
[13] 王德亮 (2004) 汉语零形回指解析: 基于向心理论的研究. 现代外语, 4, 350-359.
[14] Ariel, M. (1988) Referring and accessibility. Journal of Linguistics, 24, 65-87.
[15] Ariel, M. (1990) Accessing noun-phrase antecedents. Routledge, London and New York.