ML  >> Vol. 3 No. 2 (May 2015)

    意象图式在日语被动句教学中的探索与应用
    Exploration and Application of Image Schema on the Japanese Teaching about Passive Sentences

  • 全文下载: PDF(648KB) HTML   XML   PP.56-62   DOI: 10.12677/ML.2015.32007  
  • 下载量: 1,869  浏览量: 5,292   科研立项经费支持

作者:  

刘 莉,雷振新,朱婷婷:沈阳建筑大学外国语学院,辽宁 沈阳

关键词:
被动句意象图式原型Passive Sentences Image Schema Prototype

摘要:

借鉴日本語文法記述協会关于被动句的分类标准,将日语被动句划分为:直接被动句、间接被动句和所有者被动句。运用认知语言学中的意象图式理论,探讨日语各被动句的表现形式与其体现的事态构造之间的关系,在此基础上进一步指出:直接被动句是原型,所有者被动句介于直接被动句与间接被动句之间,与二者构成连续的统一体。这一发现为日语被动句的教学提供了新的思路和手段,同时也为日语学习者提供了一种非传统语言学的可行方式。

According to the Classification of the Japanese Grammar-Account Association (JGAA) about passive sentences, Japanese passive sentences are divided into three types: direct passive sentences, indi-rect passive sentences and owner passive sentences. In this paper, the relation between the ex-pression forms of all types of Japanese passive sentences and their event structure is discussed by ap- plying the image schema theory of cognitive linguistics. Based on it, a conclusion is further pointed out, i.e., of the unity constituted by the three types of Japanese passive sentences, direct passive sentences are the prototype while owner passive sentences are linked between the other two types. The presented conclusion provides new ideas and means for Japanese teaching of passive sentences. Meanwhile, it also provides a feasible learning style of non-traditional linguistics for Japanese learners.

文章引用:
刘莉, 雷振新, 朱婷婷. 意象图式在日语被动句教学中的探索与应用[J]. 现代语言学, 2015, 3(2): 56-62. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ML.2015.32007

参考文献

[1] 寺村秀夫 (1982) 日本語のシンタクスと意味Ⅰ. くろしお出版,東京.
[2] 鈴木重幸 (1972) 日本語文法•形態論. むぎ書房,東京.
[3] 仁田義雄 (1991) 日本語のヴォイスと他動性. くろしお出版,東京.
[4] 日本語記述文法研究会 (2009) 現代日本語文法2. くろしお出版,東京.
[5] 赵艳芳 (2001) 认知语言学概论. 上海外语教育出版社, 上海.
[6] 奥田洋子 (1998) ボーターレス時代の外国語教育. 未来社, 東京.
[7] 池上嘉彦 (日) 潘钧 (2008) 认知语言学入门. 外语教学与研究出版社, 北京.
[8] 李福印 (2008) 认知语言学概论. 北京大学出版社, 北京.
[9] ジョン•R.テイラー(著) 辻幸夫等(訳) (2008) 認知言語学のための14章. 紀伊国屋書店, 東京.