AP  >> Vol. 1 No. 2 (July 2011)

    农村育龄人群艾滋病性风险行为的心理认知机制
    The Cognitive Psychological Mechanism of HIV Sexual Risk Behavior of Child-bearing Age People in Rural China

  • 全文下载: PDF(268KB) HTML    PP.71-76   DOI: 10.12677/ap.2011.12011  
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作者:  

刘慧君:西安交通大学公共政策与管理学院

关键词:
艾滋病性风险行为心理认知计划行为理论信息-动机-行为技能模型HIV sexual risk behavior cognitive psychology the theory of planned behavior information –motivation-behavior skill model

摘要:

利用计划行为理论和信息-动机-行为技能模型,对农村育龄人群性风险行为产生的心理机制进行研究,并比较了模型的跨文化效度。结果发现,⑴两个模型都能很好地拟合数据,且更好地揭示了女性HIV性风险行为产生的心理机制,但前者能解释更大比例的方差变异;⑵主观规范和预防知识是决定艾滋病性风险行为选择的关键因素,其影响机制不存在性别差异;⑶预防技能、预防态度和感知风险的解释力较弱,且影响机制存在显著性别差异。

Using the theory of planned behavior and information –motivation-behavior skill model, this paper explored the cognitive psychological mechanism of HIV Sexual risk behavior and compared the cross-cultural validity of two models. The result indicates that: ⑴both model have good data fitness, especially explained women’s sexual risk behavior perfectly. However the first model can explains a larger proportion of variance. ⑵subjective norm and HIV preventive knowledge are key decision-making factors of HIV sexual risk behavior; whose influencing mechanisms are consistent between men and women; ⑶there are weak explaining power for preventive skill, preventive attitudes and perceived risk, whose influencing mechanisms are significantly different between men and women.

文章引用:
刘慧君 (2011). 农村育龄人群艾滋病性风险行为的心理认知机制. 心理学进展, 1(2), 71-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ap.2011.12011

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