护理学  >> Vol. 2 No. 4 (October 2013)

维生素B12、维生素C联合硫酸镁外敷对化疗静脉保护的护理干预效果分析
The Effectiveness of Using Combination of Vitamin B12, C and Magnesium Sulfate as Ointment for Veins after Intravenous Chemotherapy

DOI: 10.12677/NS.2013.24008, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 8,515  浏览: 29,955  科研立项经费支持

作者: 高 雯, 楼绣华, 周之青, 范燕华:上海中医药大学附属普陀医院

关键词: 联合外敷化疗静脉保护护理干预Combined with External Application; Chemotherapy; Vein Protection; Nursing Intervention

摘要: 目的:探讨维生素B12、维生素C联合25%硫酸镁及50%葡萄糖湿敷对化疗患者静脉保护的效果。方法:20111~201112月我院收治的92例静脉化疗患者随机分为对照组46例、干预组46例。对照组:化疗前后患者不用药物外敷静脉;干预组:化疗前后对患者采用25%硫酸镁联合维生素B12、维生素C外敷化疗静脉注射部位。比较组患者化疗前后血管情况、静脉炎发生率及静脉炎发生程度。结果:干预组化疗前后静脉炎发生率低于对照组,血管情况比较有显著性差异,具有统计学意义(P < 0.01)结论:硫酸镁联合维生素B12、维生素C湿敷对化疗患者的静脉有保护作用,能降低化疗期间静脉炎的发生率,能有效降低患者痛苦,且取材方便、价格便宜,便于临床使用及推广。
Abstract:  Objective: To explore the effectiveness of vitamin B12, vitamin C, magnesium sulfate (25%) and glucose (50%) applied to the protection of chemotherapy patients’ vein. Methods: 92 patients with venous chemotherapy were admitted from January to December 2011 and divided into two groups (the 46 patients in intervention group; the 46 patients in control group). The control group: patients have non-medical veins before and after chemotherapy. The intervention group: patients with vitamin B12, vitamin C and magnesium sulfate applied to their veins before and after chemotherapy. The patients’ vascular conditions, incidence of phlebitis and occurrence degree of phlebitis in two groups were com- pared. Results: The incidence of phlebitis in intervention group was lower than that in control group. There was a sig- nificant difference on vascular conditions in two groups which has statistical significance (P < 0.01) Conclusion: Using vitamin B12, C and magnesium sulfate has a protective effect on the chemotherapy of patients. This method can reduce the incidence of phlebitis and the pain of patients effectively. In addition, it is cheap and convenient for application.

文章引用: 高雯, 楼绣华, 周之青, 范燕华. 维生素B12、维生素C联合硫酸镁外敷对化疗静脉保护的护理干预效果分析[J]. 护理学, 2013, 2(4): 31-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/NS.2013.24008

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