心理学进展  >> Vol. 3 No. 6A (November 2013)

大学生就业挫折心理及调适策略的研究
A Research on the Frustration of the Undergraduate Employment and Its Adjustment Strategy

DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.36A002, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 3,554  浏览: 11,135 

作者: 覃绍娇, 张庆林:西南大学心理学部

关键词: 大学生就业挫折心理调适Undergraduate; Employment; Psychological Frustration; Adjustment

摘要: 自从实行高校扩招,毕业生自主与企业间“双向选择”的就业体制以来,就业形势越发严峻,社会就业的需求量与毕业生的供给量严重失调。在残酷的竞争中,大学生遭遇就业挫折后可能会出现各种就业挫折心理,对大学生的心理素质提出前所未有的挑战,引起社会各界的广泛关注。了解和分析大学生就业挫折现状、就业挫折心理的表现、就业挫折归因、就业挫折的应对方式以及不同类型大学生在这些方面的差异,并在此基础上从心理辅导的角度提出大学生就业挫折心理的调试策略:对就业挫折有正确认知;调整就业期望;积极寻求社会支持;建立积极的心理防御机制;培养良好的心理素质。
Abstract: Since a lot of universities have implemented the policy of enrollment enlargement and the employment system of self-selection and two-way selection between the undergraduates and the enterprises, the situation of the employment is becoming more and more severe. At the same time, the demand of social employment and the supply of the undergraduates lose balance heavily. In such a fierce employment environment, a lot of psychological setbacks will appear among the undergraduates while they are confronted with the frustration. All these are great challenges towards the college students. It attracts great attention of the society. This research takes the measure of the interview outline written by myself. In this research, we do person-to-person or group interviews towards 30 undergraduates in two colleges in Nanning by random selection. We try our best to understand and analyze their current situation of the employment frustration, the manifestation of their psychological setbacks, the cause and the measures towards the employment frustration and the discrepancy of different type of students in this aspect. What’s more, on the basis of this, we propose the adjustment strategies for psychological setbacks of the undergraduate employment from the point of psychology. Firstly, we should hold a correct attitude towards the frustration of employment. Secondly, we should teach some knowledge of the employment. Thirdly, we should build up a positive psychological protection system. At last, we ought to cultivate good psychological quality.

文章引用: 覃绍娇, 张庆林 (2013). 大学生就业挫折心理及调适策略的研究. 心理学进展, 3(6), 6-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2013.36A002

参考文献

[1] 敖晓妍(2003). 高校毕业生就业心理挫折现象及其辅导模式. 江西社会科学, 9期, 243.
[2] 敖晓妍(2003). 高校毕业生就业心理挫折现象及其辅导模式. 江西社会科学, 9期, 244.
[3] 戴伶俐(2006). 大学生就业挫折心理分析及对策. 温州医学院学报, 2期, 188.
[4] 洪建玲, 陈根, 夏金海(2006). 大学生就业心理障碍的成因与对策分析. 盐城工学院学报, 2期, 18.
[5] 李丹(2009). 高就业压力下高校毕业生就业挫折应对特征的实证研究. 重庆大学硕士学位论文, 重庆.
[6] 李伟, 陶沙(2002). 大学生应对策略的特点及其社会支持水平关系的研究. 心理发展与教育, 3期, 68-73.
[7] 李志, 宋赞(2007). 大学生中小企业就业心理特点的实证研究. 青年研究, 2期, 17-23.
[8] 刘志达, 林岚(2005). 大学毕业生就业挫折心理及调适. 教书育人, 23期, 26.
[9] 孙兆静(2007). 大学生就业心理挫折及其疏导. 国家教育行政学院学报, 8期, 24-25.
[10] 王悦(2008). 我国大学生的就业心理存在问题及对策研究. 吉林大学硕士论文, 长春.
[11] 吴远, 施春华(1999). 大学生实用心理学. 南京: 河海大学出版社, 142.
[12] 扬子晚报(2006). 大学毕业生就业面临“三难”问题.
[13] 张向阳(1996). 论大学生就业挫析及其心理辅导. 赣南师范学院学报, 4期, 61.
[14] 张颖(2008). 当代大学生就业挫折心理探析. 辽宁师专学报(社会科学版), 5期, 119-121.
[15] 郑大俊(2005). “十五”期间河海大学开展大学生就业指导工作的效果与就业的关联性试验研究结题报告.