心理学进展  >> Vol. 3 No. 6 (November 2013)

任务经验对学习时间分配策略转移的影响
The Effects of Task Experience on Strategy Shifts in the Allocation of Study Time

DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.36044, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 2,374  浏览: 7,767  国家自然科学基金支持

作者: 彭 丽, 李伟健, 谢瑞波, 曹 玮:浙江师范大学心理研究所,金华;陈海德:北京师范大学发展心理研究所,北京

关键词: 任务经验学习时间分配策略转移议程权衡Task Experience; Study-Time Allocation; Strategy Shift; Agenda; Trade-Off

摘要: 本研究采Dunlosky范式,以80名大学生为被试,选择困难5分和容易1分两类项目,通过4个试次的学习测试过程,探讨权衡情境下任务经验对学习时间分配策略转移的影响。结果发现,在有提示和无提示条件下,随着任务经验的增加,被试均更多地重学高测试项目,困难5分组实现策略转移的比例分别为58%39%,容易1分组实现策略转移的比例分别是20%18%。结果表明:学习时间分配的权衡决策随着任务经验的增加而变化;然而,大部分被试未能实现策略转移。In this study, we adopted the Dunlosky’s paradigm, took 81 college students as the participants and chose two kinds of item (5-point difficult and 1-point easy item) through four study-test trials to explore the effects of task experience on strategy shifts in the allocation of study time under the trade-off situation. The results found that with the increase of task experience, participants selected more high test item to restudy in 2 experiments, the proportions of the strategy shift in 5-point difficult groups were 58% and 39%, the proportions of the strategy shift in 1-point easy groups were 20% and 18%. Those results indicated that the trade-off decision of study-time allocation changed with the increase of task experience, while most of participants failed to complete the strategy shift.

文章引用: 彭丽, 李伟健, 陈海德, 谢瑞波, 曹玮 (2013). 任务经验对学习时间分配策略转移的影响. 心理学进展, 3(6), 292-297. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2013.36044

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