水产研究  >> Vol. 1 No. 1 (March 2014)

中东大西洋中上层小型鱼类资源及其渔业现状
Fishery Resources and Status of Small Pelagic Fish in Eastern Central Atlantic

DOI: 10.12677/ojfr.2014.11002, PDF, HTML, 下载: 2,139  浏览: 7,031  国家科技经费支持

作者: 张 鹏, 李显森*, 应一平, 赵宪勇:中国水产科学院黄海水产研究所,农业部海洋渔业资源可持续利用重点实验室,青岛

关键词: 中东大西洋中上层小型鱼类渔业资源渔业现状Eastern Central Atlantic; Small Pelagic Fish; Fishery Resources; Fishery Status

摘要: 中东大西洋海域中上层小型鱼类资源十分丰富,盛产沙丁鱼、鲐鱼、竹荚鱼等,2011年该海域沙丁鱼、鲐鱼及竹荚鱼总产量约为231 × 104 t,占中东大西洋中上层鱼类总产量的71.96%。我国自上世纪90年代开始参与该海域中上层鱼类资源捕捞,从最开始的不足千吨产量发展到目前的破万吨,为开发中东大西洋中上层鱼类资源积累了一定的经验。本文根据世界粮农组织FAO报告及其他相关资料对中东大西洋海域主要的中上层小型鱼类资源状况、渔获量、渔场分布、主要渔捞国及沿岸国渔业管理进行了初步分析,旨在为我国的相关企业了解中东大西洋海域中上层鱼类资源及渔业现状,积极参与该海域中上层渔业资源的捕捞提供参考。
Abstract: Eastern Central Atlantic is rich in small pelagic fish, especially sardine, horse mackerel, chub mackerel and so on. The total output of sardine, horse mackerel and chub mackerel during 2011 is 231 × 104 t, accounting for 71.96% of the total of pelagic fish in Eastern Central Atlantic. China has participated in the catch of pelagic fish in Eastern Central Atlantic from the 1990 s, and the output varied from less than one thousand tones of the beginning to more than ten thousand tones at present, gathering some experience for exploiting the pelagic fish resources of Eastern Central Atlantic. This article analyzed the status, catch, fishing ground, mainly fishing nations and littoral countries’ fishery management of small pelagic fish in Eastern Central Atlantic according to the FAO reports and other related materials, aiming at helping related enterprises make a good sense of the fishery resources and status of small pelagic fish, and providing references for actively participating in the catch of pelagic fish resources in Eastern Central Atlantic.

文章引用: 张鹏, 李显森, 应一平, 赵宪勇. 中东大西洋中上层小型鱼类资源及其渔业现状[J]. 水产研究, 2014, 1(1): 10-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/ojfr.2014.11002

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