水资源研究  >> Vol. 3 No. 5 (October 2014)

黄冈市水资源承载力的分析与评价
Analysis and Evaluation of Water Resources Carrying Capacity in Huanggang City

DOI: 10.12677/JWRR.2014.35044, PDF, HTML, 下载: 2,313  浏览: 6,535 

作者: 黄 琼, 吕惠进, 朱灵子:浙江师范大学地理与环境科学学院,金华

关键词: 主成分分析水资源承载力黄冈Principal Component Analysis Water Resources Carrying Capacity Huanggang

摘要: 水资源的可持续利用是实现地区可持续发展的重要战略之一。区域水资源承载力是能够反映区域水资源对其社会经济的承载能力的综合性指标,一个地区水资源承载力的大小与当地的社会经济的发展、水资源的开发利用、生态环境的保护息息相关,水资源承载力日益成为衡量区域可持续发展的重要指标之一。本文采用主成分分析法借助SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science)统计分析软件对黄冈市2003年至2010年水资源相关数据进行分析处理,分析结果表明影响黄冈市水资源承载力的主要因子为人口数量、地区生产总值和居民消费价格水平;根据主成分分析结果对分析所得的因子进行综合性评价,针对评价结果从提高水资源意识,加强水资源管理,提高水资源利用效率三个方面对黄冈市水资源利用提出相关建议,以促进黄冈地区社会经济的健康、快速的可持续发展。
Abstract: The sustainable use of water resources is an important strategy to achieve sustainable development. The regional water resources carrying capacity is an integrated index which can reflect the socio-economic indicators of carrying capacity of water resources. The ability of water resources carrying capacity of an area is related to the local socio-economic development, utilization of water resources and protecting the environment. It’s also becoming an important indicator of regional sustainable development increasingly. In this paper, by using the principal component analysis with the aid of SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) statistical software, we analyze and process the relevant data from 2003 to 2010 in Huanggang. The results show that the main factors are GDP, resident population and regional levels of consumption price. We get a comprehensive evaluation of water resources from it. We also make suggestions from three aspects to the water resources utilization in Huanggang: increasing people’s awareness, strengthening the management of water resources and improving the utilization efficiency of water resources. They can promote the healthy, rapid and sustainable development of the social economy in Huanggang.

文章引用: 黄琼, 吕惠进, 朱灵子. 黄冈市水资源承载力的分析与评价[J]. 水资源研究, 2014, 3(5): 361-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/JWRR.2014.35044

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