可持续发展  >> Vol. 4 No. 4 (October 2014)

汽车尾气温差发电装置的实车测试及分析
Studies of Automobile Tail-Pipe Energy Harvest Based on Thermoelectric Generators

DOI: 10.12677/SD.2014.44010, PDF, HTML, 下载: 4,382  浏览: 13,004  国家科技经费支持

作者: 李启明, 彭文博, 刘大为, 朱连峻, 高 虎:中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司,北京;鲍亮亮:太原理工大学材料科学与工程学院,太原;许世森, 金安君:中国华能集团,北京

关键词: 汽车尾气温差发电热电片平板式峰值功率Exhaust Gas Thermoelectric Generation Thermoelectric Chip Flat-Plate Style Maximum Output Power

摘要: 随着国民经济的不断发展,汽车保有量逐年攀升,与此同时,环境、能源以及噪声等问题不断恶化,节能减排已成为我国汽车工业发展的市场和技术大势所趋。本文开发了一套平板式的汽车尾气温差发电装置,可回收汽车尾气的能量发电,以供汽车使用,从而可达到节约燃油的目的。装置由两个吸热气箱和三个冷却水箱相互层叠而成,吸热气箱和冷却水箱间夹装热电片组。将该装置与一辆实验皮卡车进行了集成,安装于三元催化器和消声器之间。实际道路的测试过程中,该发电模块的峰值功率可达300 W,可在一定程度上满足汽车正常行驶中的电力需求。
Abstract: Under the great development of Chinese economy, the recent number of cars being sold and on road has increased year after year in China. Meanwhile, there are huge issues concerning the en-vironmental quality, the energy supply, and noise levels. To address the issues, this paper intro-duces a technology utilizing flat-plate model of the automobile tail-pipe energy harvesting (ATEH), which recovers energy from the automobile pipe exhaust gas. This technology can reduce a car’s gasoline consumption. The ATEH is designed, and is composed of two hot boxes and three cold boxes. The exhaust gas flows through the hot boxes, while the cooling water flows through the cold boxes. Thermoelectric units are assembled between one hot box and one cold box. To test its roadside performance, the ATEH was integrated with a pickup truck. The installed unit is located between the three-way catalyst and the muffler. Based on the automobile roadside test, maximum output power of the ETEG was 300 W per unit. To some extent, the ATEH can meet the normal electricity demand of a car.

文章引用: 李启明, 彭文博, 刘大为, 朱连峻, 高虎, 鲍亮亮, 许世森, 金安君. 汽车尾气温差发电装置的实车测试及分析[J]. 可持续发展, 2014, 4(4): 64-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/SD.2014.44010

参考文献

[1] 徐立珍, 李彦, 杨知, 等 (2010) 汽车尾气温差发电的实验研究. 清华大学学报(自然科学版), 2, 287-289, 294.
[2] 邓亚东, 范韬, 郭珣, 等 (2010) 汽车尾气温差发电装置及热电模块的布置研究. 武汉理工大学学报•信息与管理工程版, 2, 265-267, 283.
[3] Saqr, K.M., Mansour, M.K. and Musa, M.N. (2008) Thermal design of automobile exhaust based thermoelectric generators: Objectives and challenges. International Journal of Automotive Technology, 9, 155-160.
[4] Crane, D.T. and Lagrandeur, J.W. (2010) Progress report on BSST-led US department of energy automotive waste heat recovery program. Journal of Electronic Materials, 9, 2142-2148.
[5] 张征, 曾美琴, 司广树 (2004) 温差发电技术及其在汽车发动机排气余热利用中的应用. 能源技术, 3, 120-123.
[6] 郭珣 (2011) 汽车排气废热温差发电系统与发动机消声器一体化设计研究. 武汉理工大学, 武汉.
[7] 鲍亮亮, 李启明, 彭文博, 等. 大功率汽车尾气温差发电装置的设计、制作及性能测试. 电源技术(投稿中).
[8] 申思 (2012) 基于汽车尾气废热温差发电系统的车载电源能量管理系统研究. 武汉理工大学, 武汉.