MM  >> Vol. 1 No. 2 (July 2011)

    国际油价波动对中国石油企业的影响研究
    Impact of International Oil Price Fluctuation on China’s Oil Enterprises

  • 全文下载: PDF(361KB) HTML    PP.59-68   DOI: 10.12677/mm.2011.12010  
  • 下载量: 3,534  浏览量: 10,135   国家科技经费支持

作者:  

李宏勋,谢芹,张安军

关键词:
国际油价波动石油企业影响
Oil Price Fluctuation; Oil Enterprises; Impact

摘要:

作为全球第二大石油消费国,2010 年我国石油对外依存度已经超过55%。进口依存度的提高将导致国际油价波动对国内经济的影响更加显著,这一影响往往通过一定的传导过程得以实现,而该传导过程的第一环节就是国际油价波动对国内石油企业的影响。油价高涨对我国石油企业的发展环境有一定负面影响,油价下跌对石油企业的发展环境有利有弊;国际油价波动对我国石油工业的上下游企业都产生不同程度的影响;同时国际油价波动对我国石油公司的经营业绩也产生重要影响。本文利用定性和定量分析的方法研究国际油价波动对我国石油企业的影响,对我国石油企业提高竞争力,促进其持续发展具有重要的意义。

As the world’s second-largest oil consumer, China’s dependency on foreign oil import has been more than 55% in the year of 2010. The increasing dependency on foreign oil import will get the oil price fluctuation to exert a more prominent influence on domestic economy. And the influence is largely realized through the impact of the international oil price on domestic oil price, the first step of which is through the impact of the international oil price on domestic oil enterprises. Oil prices soar has negative influence on the development environment of China’s oil enterprises; oil prices slump has both advantages and disadvantages on the development environment. Oil price fluctuation affects upstream and downstream of China’s oil enterprises by different levels. At the same time, international oil price fluctuation also has significant influence on the performances of the oil companies. Analysis the impact of international oil price fluctuation by determine the nature analysis and fix quantify account is of far reaching importance to improve the competitiveness of our oil companies and achieve sustainable development of our oil enterprises.

文章引用:
李宏勋, 谢芹, 张安军. 国际油价波动对中国石油企业的影响研究[J]. 现代管理, 2011, 1(2): 59-68. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/mm.2011.12010

参考文献

[1] J. Haltiwanger, S. J. Davis. Sectoral job creation and destruction response to oil price changes. Journal of Monetary Economics, 2001, 48: 465-512.
[2] 汪树民, 申晔. 浅谈国际油价的大幅波动对中国的影响[J]. 文史博览(理论), 2009, 3(5): 80-82.
[3] 覃东海, 余乐安. 石油价格的预测及其对世界经济的冲击[J].世界经济, 2005, 65(3): 55-59.
[4] 于渤, 迟春洁, 苏国福. 石油价格对国民经济影响测度模型 [J]. 数量经济技术经济研究, 2002, 19(5): 74-76.
[5] 魏涛远. 世界油价上涨对我国经济的影响分析[J]. 数量经济技术经济研究, 2002, 19(5): 17-20.
[6] 王树声, 陈蕊, 朱辉. 石油价格对石油企业影响研究[J]. 北方经贸, 2004, 24(10): 114-115.
[7] 张传兆. 油价上涨对我国炼油企业的影响及对策[J]. 当代石油石化, 2005, 12(11): 28-30.
[8] 王彩鹃. 高油价对炼化企业的影响[J]. 甘肃科技, 2006, 22(1): 28-29.
[9] 高宏霞, 薛英鸽. 国际油价与石油公司业绩分析[J]. 商业研究, 2009, 52(5): 172-174.
[10] 朱和. 2009年国际国内石油石化回眸与2010年展望[J]. 中国石油石化, 2010, 13(3): 52-59.
[11] 刘淑菊, 石杏茹. “低油价”冰冻上游[J]. 中国石油石化, 2006, 9(6): 16-18.
[12] 何伊凡. 高油价“灼伤”中石油[J]. 中国企业家, 2008, 23(16): 58-60.
[13] 龚金双. 虎年油市向阳开[J]. 中国石油石化, 2010, 13(4): 18-22.
[14] 张传兆. 油价上涨对我国炼油企业的影响及对策[J]. 当代石油石化, 2005, 12(11): 28-30.