农业科学  >> Vol. 4 No. 6 (December 2014)

蚯蚓对牛粪与鸡粪配比中矿物质元素和重金属的影响
Effects of Earthworm on Cow Dung and Chicken Manure of the Ratio to the Mineral Elements and Heavy Metals

DOI: 10.12677/HJAS.2014.46021, PDF, HTML, 下载: 1,911  浏览: 4,297  科研立项经费支持

作者: 孙茂红, 葛 剑, 杨翠军:河北北方学院,张家口;刘华格:河北省畜牧良种工作站,石家庄

关键词: 蚯蚓鸡粪牛粪重金属Earthworms Chicken Manure Cow Dung Heavy Metal

摘要: 试验的目的是了解畜禽粪便经蚯蚓消解后重金属变化情况,为畜禽粪便的无害化处理提高理论数据。试验分为对照组和试验组两组,试验组中畜禽废弃物中加入蚯蚓。从数据显示,蚯蚓对牛粪和鸡粪配比的基质中K和Fe的作用有增加的趋势,Mg在蚓粪中含量显著增加,而P的含量在试验组有降低的趋势;蚯蚓对各种重金属的富集量随着培养时间的增加而增加,与Cu、Zn、Pb的富集量相比,蚯蚓对Hg没有明显的富集作用。
Abstract: The purpose of the test is to understand changing situation of heavy metals after earthworm di-gestion of animal manure of livestock and poultry, safe disposal of animal manure to improve the theoretical data. Test is divided into two groups: control group and experimental group with earthworm in the livestock wastes. The data showed that earthworm matrix of cow manure and chicken manure ratio K and the role of Fe had an increasing trend, Mg content increased signifi-cantly in the cast of earthworm, and P content in the experimental group had a tendency to reduce. Earthworms’ enrichment of various heavy metals increases with increasing time. Compared to the enrichments of Cu, Zn, Pb, earthworms have no apparent enrichment effect on Hg.

文章引用: 孙茂红, 刘华格, 葛剑, 杨翠军. 蚯蚓对牛粪与鸡粪配比中矿物质元素和重金属的影响[J]. 农业科学, 2014, 4(6): 137-141. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/HJAS.2014.46021

参考文献

[1] 胡锋, 吴珊眉, 李辉信 (1998) 蚯蚓和蚁类活动对红壤性质的影响. 中国农业科技出版社, 北京, 276-285.
[2] Basker. A. (1992) Influence of soil ingestion by earthworms and the availability in soil an incubation experiment. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 14, 300-303.
[3] 杨晓芝, 郭志泾, 王昌珍, 等 (1985) 城市生活垃圾养殖蚯蚓的营养成分和有毒物质分析. 环境与健康杂志, 2, 20-21.
[4] 戴文龙, 俞廷康, 韩润平, 等 (2001) ICP-AES法测定蚯蚓和蚓粪中的重金属. 光谱实验室, 18, 438-439.
[5] 陈玉成, 皮广洁, 黄伦先, 等 (2003) 城市生活垃圾蚯蚓处理的因素优化及其重金属富集研究. 应用生态学报, 14, 2006-2010.
[6] 戈峰, 刘向辉, 江炳缜 (2002) 蚯蚓对金属元素的富集作用分析. 农业环境保护, 1, 16-18.
[7] 邓继福, 王振中, 张友梅, 等 (1996) 重金属污染对土壤动物群落生态影响的研究. 环境科学, 2, 1-6.