AP  >> Vol. 4 No. 7 (December 2014)

    自闭症患者面部信息加工的研究简述
    The Processing of Facial Information in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Brief Review of Behavioral and Neuroimaging Studies

  • 全文下载: PDF(290KB) HTML    PP.975-979   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2014.47125  
  • 下载量: 1,966  浏览量: 5,774  

作者:  

郑 苗:西南大学心理学部,重庆

关键词:
自闭症面部信息加工fMRI杏仁核颞下沟梭状回Autism Facial Information Processing fMRI Amygdala (AMY) Super Temporal Sulcus (STS) Fusiform Gyrus (FFG)

摘要:

社会无能作为自闭症的一个显著特征,对面部信息加工存在困难是造成自闭症社会交往障碍的一个重要原因。行为实验发现,自闭症儿童与同等智力的正常儿童相比,其面孔识别测验的得分更低;自闭症患者观看关于社会交往的视频,更多注意人的嘴部或无关物品。fMRI研究中,发现自闭症患者的杏仁核(AMY),颞下沟(STS),梭状回(FFG)等脑区与其面部信息加工困难有关,这为自闭症的异常行为研究提供了神经生理基础。

Social disability is a significant characteristic of autism. And facial information processing difficulty is an important cause of autism social communication disorders. In behavioral experiments, the score of the face cognition test of the autism children is lower compared with normal children of the same intelligence. When autism was watching video on social interaction, they paid more attention to person’s mouth or irrelevant items. In fMRI studies it’s showed that amygdala (AMY), super temporal sulcus (STS), fusiform gyrus (FFG) and related brain regions are responsible for the difficulties of facial information processing in autism. These studies provide the evidence of the abnormal behavior of autism in neural physiological basis.

文章引用:
郑苗 (2014). 自闭症患者面部信息加工的研究简述. 心理学进展, 4(7), 975-979. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2014.47125

参考文献

[1] Adolphs, R., Tranel, D., Hamann, S., Young, A. W., Calder, A. J., Phelps, E. A., Damasio, A. R., et al. (1999). Recognition of facial emotion in nine individuals with bilateral amygdala damage. Neuropsychologia, 37, 1111-1117.
[2] Baron-Cohen, S., Ring, H. A., Wheelwright, S., Bullmore, E. T., Brammer, M. J., Simmons, A., & Williams, S. C. (1999). Social intelligence in the normal and autistic brain: An fMRI study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 11, 1891-1898.
[3] Brothers, L. (1990). The neural basis of primate social communication. Motivation and Emotion, 14, 81-91.
[4] Campbell, R., Heywood, C. A., Cowey, A., Regard, M., & Landis, T. (1990). Sensitivity to eye gaze in pro-sopagnosic patients and monkeys with superior temporal sulcus ablation. Neuropsychologia, 28, 1123-1142.
[5] Dalton, K. M., Nacewicz, B. M., Johnstone, T., Schaefer, H. S., Gernsbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., Davidson, R. J., et al. (2005). Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 519-526.
[6] Dapretto, M., Davies, M. S., Pfeifer, J. H., Scott, A. A., Sigman, M., Bookheimer, S. Y., & Iacoboni, M. (2006). Understanding emotions in others: Mirror neuron dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorders. Nature Neuroscience, 9, 28-30.
[7] Eslinger, P. J., & Damasio, A. R. (1985). Severe disturbance of higher cognition after bilateral frontal lobe ablation: Patient EVR. Neurology, 35, 1731-1741.
[8] Hadjikhani, N., Joseph, R. M., Snyder, J., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2007). Abnormal activation of the social brain during face perception in autism. Human Brain Mapping, 28, 441-449.
[9] Haxby, J. V., Hoffman, E. A., & Gobbini, M. I. (2000). The distributed human neural system for face per-ception. Trends Cogn Sci., 4, 223-233.
[10] Kanner, L. (1968). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Acta Paedop-sychiatrica, 35, 100-136.
[11] Klin, A., Jones, W., Schultz, R., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (2002). Visual fixation patterns during viewing of naturalistic social situations as predictors of social competence in individuals with autism. Archives Of General Psychiatry, 59, 809-816.
[12] Klin, A., Sparrow, S. S., de Bildt, A., Cicchetti, D. V., Cohen, D. J., & Volkmar, F. R. (1999). A normed study of face recognition in autism and related disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 29, 499-508.
[13] Pelphrey, K. A., Morris, J. P., & McCarthy, G. (2005). Neural basis of eye gaze processing deficits in autism. Brain, 128, 1038-1048.
[14] Pelphrey, K. A., Morris, J. P., McCarthy, G., & Labar, K. S. (2007). Per-ception of dynamic changes in facial affect and identity in autism. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 2, 140-149.
[15] Rizzolatti, G., & Craighero, L. (2004). The mirror-neuron system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 27, 169-192.