农业科学  >> Vol. 5 No. 6 (December 2015)

蚯蚓抗菌肽对柴鸡生产性能和血清抗氧化指标的影响
Effect of Earthworm Antimicrobial Peptides on Production Performance and Serum Antioxidant Indices of Chai-Chickens

DOI: 10.12677/HJAS.2015.56026, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 1,664  浏览: 5,605  科研立项经费支持

作者: 孙茂红, 葛 剑, 岳春旺:河北北方学院 动物科技学院,河北 张家口;杨翠军, 张晓丽:河北北方学院 生命科学研究中心,河北 张家口;乔丽萍:河北省秦皇岛市海港区畜牧技术站,河北 秦皇岛;王智宾:河北省宣化县农牧局,河北 宣化

关键词: 蚯蚓抗菌肽柴鸡生产性能血清抗氧化指标Earthworm Antibacterial Peptide Chai-Chickens Production Performance Serum Antioxidant Indices

摘要: 试验的目的是研究蚯蚓抗菌肽对柴鸡生产性能和血清抗氧化指标的影响。选取15日龄体重大小相近的雏鸡36只,随机分为4个处理组:对照组口服生理盐水,试验组口服不同剂量的蚯蚓抗菌肽(试验1组:2 mL的蚯蚓肽2倍稀释液,试验2组:2 mL的蚯蚓肽1倍稀释液,试验3组:2 mL的蚯蚓肽原液)。每组3个重复,每个重复3只鸡,试验期为3周。试验结果表明:与对照组相比,口服适量的蚯蚓抗菌肽可显著提高柴鸡日增重和料重比,但各试验组之间差异不显著(P > 0.05);饲喂蚯蚓抗菌肽柴鸡料重比显著降低(P < 0.05);并且提高了柴鸡血清抗氧化能力。因此,柴鸡服用适量的蚯蚓抗菌肽可提高其生产性能和血清抗氧化能力。
Abstract: The purpose of the experiment is to study the effects of earthworm antibacterial peptides on pro-duction performance and serum antioxidant indices of Chai-chickens. 36 chickens which were 15 days old and had similar weight were selected, then randomly divided into 4 treatment groups: the control group was treated with normal saline, earthworm test group was treated with different doses of antimicrobial peptides (test group 1: earthworm peptides 2 mL the 2 times dilution, test group 2: earthworm peptides 2 mL diluted 1 times, test group 3: earthworm peptides 2 mL). 36 Chai-chickens randomly divided into four groups with three replicates per group and three Chai-chickens per replicate, the experiment lasted for 3 weeks. The results showed that: compared with the control group, the amount of oral antimicrobial peptides of earthworm significantly improved daily gain and feed weight ratio of the chickens, but there was no significant difference between each experimental group (P > 0.05); the feed gain ratio was decreased (P < 0.05); the serum antioxidant capacity improved. Therefore, taking the right amount of earthworm anti-bacterial peptides can improve the production performance and serum antioxidant capacity of Chai-chickens.

文章引用: 孙茂红, 杨翠军, 葛剑, 岳春旺, 张晓丽, 乔丽萍, 王智宾. 蚯蚓抗菌肽对柴鸡生产性能和血清抗氧化指标的影响[J]. 农业科学, 2015, 5(6): 175-182. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/HJAS.2015.56026

参考文献

[1] 马倩, 赵衍铜, 柏明娜, 等. 抗菌肽对芦花鸡生产性能和血清生化指标的影响[J]. 饲料研究, 2012(3): 27-29.
[2] 李波, 郭强, 杨利, 等. 饲粮中添加天蚕素抗菌肽对肉鸡生长性能的影响[J]. 中国家禽, 2010(20): 55-56.
[3] 布冠好, 李宏基, 杨国宇, 等. 抗菌肽的作用特点及应用前景[J]. 动物医学进展, 2005(3): 26-28.
[4] Steiner, H., Hultmark, D., Engstrom, A., Bennich, H. and Boman, H.G. (1981) Sequence and Specificity of Two Antibacterial Proteins Involved in Insect Immunity. Nature, 292, 246-248.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/292246a0
[5] 吕尊周, 袁肖笑, 蔡兆伟, 等. 抗菌肽对蛋鸡血清免疫指标及脾脏白细胞介素2 mRNA表达量的影响[J]. 动物营养学报, 2011, 23(12): 2183-2189.
[6] 李传普, 陈安国, 丁升艳, 等. 抗菌肽在肉鸡生产中的应用研究[J]. 饲料研究, 2008(3): 31-33.
[7] 李丽. 抗菌肽Abaecin制备及其对肉鸡生长及免疫影响的研究[D]: [博士学位论文]. 呼和浩特: 内蒙古农业大学, 2010.
[8] 都海明, 陆兆新, 王恬. 抗菌脂肽对肉鸡抗氧化能力及血清生化指标的影响[J]. 畜牧与兽医. 2010(6): 8-13.
[9] 冉靓, 杨小生, 王伯初, 等. 抗氧化多糖的研究进展[J]. 时珍国医国药, 2006(4): 494-496.
[10] 张绍章, 田琼, 李予蓉, 等. 蚯蚓提取物对小鼠脾脏抗体形成细胞的影响[J]. 第四军医大学学报, 1993(5): 350- 352.
[11] 林少琴, 邹开煌. 蚯蚓QY-I对荷瘤小鼠免疫功能及抗氧化酶的影响[J]. 海峡药业, 2012, 12(1): 10-12.