AP  >> Vol. 6 No. 3 (March 2016)

作者:  

刘婷婷,马婧瑾:贵州师范大学教育科学学院,贵州 贵阳

关键词:
生态自我自我参照效应自我记忆Ecological Self Self-Reference Effect Self Memory

摘要:

在自我参照记忆效应中加入生态自我参照任务,探索是否存在与个体自我参照及群体参照同样的记忆优先效应。实验结果表明:以生态自我为参照的加工任务的再认成绩与语义参照加工任务的再认成绩之间并不存在显著的差异,但在R与K指标上,生态自我参照的R值显著高于语义参照,反映出了生态自我参照能够促进记忆的加工。

Joining the ecological self reference processing tasks into the self reference memory effect is to explore whether the memory is priority as that in the individual self-reference and the group- reference. The results from the experiment showed that: ecological self referential processing task and semantic processing task did not differ in recognition rates. However, “Remember” judgment rates were significantly higher in ecological self referential processing task than those in semantic processing task, which reflected the promotion of ecological self reference on memory.

文章引用:
刘婷婷, 马婧瑾 (2016). 生态自我参照效应初探. 心理学进展, 6(3), 205-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2016.63025

参考文献

[1] 戚健俐, 朱滢(2002). 中国大学生的记忆的自我参照效应. 心理科学, 25(3), 275-278.
[2] 吴建平(2013). “生态自我”理论探析. 新疆师范大学学报(哲学社会科学版), 34(3), 13-19.
[3] 杨红升, 黄希庭(2007). 中国人的群体参照记忆效应. 心理学报, 39(2), 235-241.
[4] 杨文静, 等(2014). 自我参照对情绪性记忆定向遗忘的影响. 心理学报, 46(2), 156-164.
[5] 张力, 周天罡, 张剑, 等(2005). 寻找中国人的自我: 一项Mf RI研究. 中国科学, C辑, 35(5), 472-478.
[6] Rathbone, C. J., & Moulin, C. J. A. (2010). When’s Your Birthday? The Self-Reference Effect in Retrieval of Dates. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 737-743.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.1657
[7] Sedikides, C., & Brewer, M. F. (2001). Individual Self, Relational Self, Collective Self. Philadelphia, PA: Psychology Press.
[8] Symons, C. S., & Johnson, B. T. (1997). The Self-Reference Effect in Memory: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 121, 371-394.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.121.3.371