OJNS  >> Vol. 4 No. 4 (November 2016)

    城市河流水质组成季节变化规律——以宿州市沱河为例
    Water Quality and Its Variation Character by the Season Change in City—A Case Study from Tuohe River in Suzhou City

  • 全文下载: PDF(1547KB) HTML   XML   PP.412-419   DOI: 10.12677/OJNS.2016.44050  
  • 下载量: 990  浏览量: 2,481   科研立项经费支持

作者:  

余宝宝,陈 松:宿州学院,资源与土木工程学院,安徽 宿州

关键词:
水质生化需氧量氨氮河流Water Quality Biochemical Oxygen Demand Ammonia Nitrogen River

摘要:

为了解城市河流水质组成特征及其随季节变化规律,搜集了宿州市沱河水质检测数据,对水质特征及其影响因素进行分析,结果表明:不同水化学指标均受到环境不同程度的影响,PH值雨水期最高、冬季较低,DO含量夏季较高,为二类水质,EC、DO和TN在春、秋季含量较高,NH3-N、TP在冬季含量偏高,而BOD在冬季含量较低,COD、Mn受季节影响不大。通过单因子指数评价方法对水质进行评价表明,春、秋、冬三个季节为Ⅳ类水,在夏季为Ⅴ类水,夏季水质变差主要受到温度升过、有机物排放等影响。

In order to understand the river water quality in city and their variation characters, the testing data of Tuohe river water were collected in Suzhou city; the characters and influenced factors of water quality were discussed, and the results showed: the different chemical indicators of water quality were influenced by diverse environment factors; in detail, the pH values are highest in rain and lowest in winter, while the DO is higher in summer. EC, DO and TN are all have higher value in spring and autumn, while the NH3-N, TP have higher content in winter. The content of COD and Mn are stable, with the season influencing limited. The single factor index was used to evaluate the water quality, and the results showed the river water could be subdivided as IV in spring, autumn and winter, while in summer the river water quality could be as V, what could be caused by the temperature, organic emission etc.

文章引用:
余宝宝, 陈松. 城市河流水质组成季节变化规律——以宿州市沱河为例[J]. 自然科学, 2016, 4(4): 412-419. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/OJNS.2016.44050

参考文献

[1] 洪金淑. 云南省地表水水质评价[J]. 人民长江, 2013, 43(12): 46-49.
[2] Thiev, V., Billen, G. and Garnier, J. (2009) Nutrient Transfer in Three Contrasting NW European Watersheds: The Seine, Somme, and Scheldt Rivers: A Comparative Application of the Seneque/River Stahler Model. Water Research, 43, 1740- 1754.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2009.01.014
[3] 李蕊, 高红杰, 宋永会, 等. 沈阳细河与白塔宝河水质空间分布特征研究[J]. 环境工程技术学报, 2013, 3(5): 429-436.
[4] 张生, 洪城. 宿州市水资源可持续利用研究[J]. 宿州学院学报, 2005, 20(1): 95-98.
[5] 张生, 许爱梅. 宿州市环境保护与可持续研究[M]. 北京: 中国科技出版社, 2003: 19-166.
[6] 陈松, 黄淑玲, 孙林华, 张勇. 安徽宿州市沱河底泥中重金属元素地球化学特征[J]. 地球与地球与环境, 2011, 39(3): 331-337.
[7] 李奇. 宿州市主要河流水质变化趋势分析及水质评价[D]: [硕士学位论文]. 安徽理工大学, 2015.
[8] 黄梅. 宿州市河流湖泊普查及其成果[J]. 安徽农学通报, 2015, 21(14): 154-155.
[9] Li, Z.X., He, Y.Q., Pang, H.X., et al. (2009) The Chemistry of Snow Deposited during the Summer Monsoon and in the Winter Season at Baishui No. 1 Glacier, Mt Yulong, China. Journal of Glaciology, 55, 221-228.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3189/002214309788608769
[10] 曹心良. 宿州市降水特征及变化趋势分析[J]. 治淮, 2007(5): 7-9.
[11] 姚荣江, 杨劲松, 刘广明, 等. 黄河三角洲地区典型地块土壤盐分空间变异特征研究[J]. 农业工程学报, 2006, 22(6): 61-66.
[12] 任建丽, 金海龙, 叶茂, 等. 艾比湖湿地自然保护区水质分析与评价[J]. 干旱区资源与环境, 2011, 25(5): 154- 157.
[13] 王双合, 胡兴林, 赵治文, 等. 甘肃省河流天然水化学特征的分布规律及控制因素分析[J]. 冰川冻土, 2010, 32(2): 372-380.
[14] 徐祖信. 我国河流单因子水质标识指数评价方法研究[J]. 同济大学学报: 自然科学版, 2005, 33(3): 321-325.
[15] 尹海龙, 徐祖信. 河流综合水质评价方法比较研究[J]. 长江资源与环境, 2008, 17(5): 729-733.