AP  >> Vol. 6 No. 11 (November 2016)

    Indirect Reciprocity Mechanism Promotes the Evolution of Cooperation

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魏 纯:天津师范大学,天津 ;
戴斌荣:盐城师范学院,江苏 盐城

间接互惠合作名誉机制形象计分策略名声策略信息评估Indirect Reciprocity Cooperation Reputation Mechanism Image Scoring Strategy Standing Strategy Information Assessment



There is a wide range of cooperation between animal and human society, which is difficult to explain in the perspective of natural selection and survival of the fittest evolutionary. In 1986, Alexander proposed the concept of indirect reciprocity to explain the large-scale cooperation phenomenon. Thence, researchers have investigated various strategies, such as the reputation mechanism, the image scoring strategy and the standing strategy based on the indirect reciprocity theory. In reliance on information, the study of indirect reciprocity started from the transparent individual information, turning to the limited information and incomplete observation research areas now. With the development of Internet and new media, there are some new characteristics of in-formation: The amount of information is huge, the channels are more widely, the authenticity of information is with potential risk and the background of information is more complex. Therefore, when we use the model of reputation and indirect reciprocity to explain the cooperation, we should consider the new background of information. Meanwhile, the local studies and researches across disciplines are also very important.

魏纯, 戴斌荣 (2016). 间接互惠机制促进合作进化的理论评述. 心理学进展, 6(11), 1183-1191. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2016.611149


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