AP  >> Vol. 6 No. 11 (November 2016)

    残疾人明尼苏达多相人格问卷测试结果的分析
    Analysis of Test Result of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory in Disabled Persons

  • 全文下载: PDF(395KB) HTML   XML   PP.1192-1197   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.611150  
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作者:  

曾文芳,谭 彩,王德丽,曾 鑫,刘衔华:衡阳师范学院教育科学学院,湖南 衡阳

关键词:
明尼苏达多相人格问卷残疾人心理健康Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Disabled Person Mental Health

摘要:

目的:了解残疾人的人格状况以及影响因素。方法:采用明尼苏达多相人格问卷(MMPI)对33名残疾人进行了测试。结果:(1) 残疾人的MMPI多相人格测试10个量表分均显著高于全国常模(P < 0.05);(2) 女性残疾人在抑郁(D)、疑病(Hs)、癔病(Hy)、女性化(Mf)、妄想(Pa)、精神衰弱(Pt)、精神分裂(Sc)、精神病态(Pd)、轻躁狂(Ma)量表上的得分均值显著高于男性(P < 0.05);(3) Pd、Pa人格因子与年龄呈显著负相关(rPd = 0.367, rPa = 0.414, P < 0.05);(4) ,残疾人人格异常检出率为18.18%~66.67%。结论:残疾人的人格异常严重程度要高于普通人,残疾人人格受到性别、年龄等因素影响。

Objective: To explore the states and affecting factors of the mental health of disabled person. Me-thods: Total of 33 disabled persons were surveyed with Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inven-tory (MMPI). Results: (1) The disabled persons performed significantly higher scores of 10 MMPI subscales than the normal population. (2) Disabled women performed significantly higher scores on the D (despondent), Hs (hypochondriasis), Hy (hysteria), Mf (feminine), Pa (delusion), Pt (psy-chasthenia), Sc (schizophrenia), Pd (psychopathy) and Ma (hypomania) than males (P < 0.05). (3) The subscales of Pd and Pa were significantly negative related with age (rPd = 0.367, rPa = 0.414, P < 0.05). (4) The rate of abnormal personality in the disabled person is 18.18% - 66.67%. Conclusion: The severity of abnormal personality of the disabled persons is worse than that of normal people, and the abnormal personality of the disabled persons is affected by age and gender.

文章引用:
曾文芳, 谭彩, 王德丽, 曾鑫, 刘衔华 (2016). 残疾人明尼苏达多相人格问卷测试结果的分析. 心理学进展, 6(11), 1192-1197. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2016.611150