AP  >> Vol. 6 No. 12 (December 2016)

    大学生宅的现状调查:原因、行为表现、影响
    The Status Survey of College Students’ Otaku: Reason, Behavior and Influence

  • 全文下载: PDF(481KB) HTML   XML   PP.1253-1260   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2016.612158  
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作者:  

李志凤,胡春梅:重庆文理学院,重庆

关键词:
大学生现状Otaku College Students Status

摘要:

目的:探讨大学生宅的现状,分析大学生宅的原因、行为表现和影响。研究采用自编宅问卷对1100名学生进行研究。1) 从宅的原因来看:不同性别的大学生在宅的社会原因上差异非常显著(t = −3.12, P < 0.01);不同专业的大学生在宅的个人原因(t = 4.33, P < 0.001)和社会原因(t = 3.70, P < 0.001)有极其显著差异;不同年级的大学生在宅的社会原因上差异显著(F = 3.49, P < 0.05),大一得分显著高于大三。2) 从宅的行为表现来看:不同性别(t = −8.23, P < 0.001)和生源地(t = 3.50, P < 0.001)差异极其显著;不同专业的大学生差异非常显著(t = 3.30, P < 0.01);不同年级的大学生差异非常显著(F = 4.84, P < 0.01),大一与大二、大三都有显著差异,大一得分最高。3) 从宅的影响上来看:不同性别(t = −6.45, P < 0.001)和生源地(t = 3.88, P < 0.001)的大学生在宅的积极作用上差异极其显著;不同专业的大学生在宅的积极作用(t = 5.93, P < 0.001)和消极作用(t = 2.21, P < 0.05)上差异显著;不同年级的大学生在宅的积极作用上差异极其显著(F = 17.64, P < 0.001),大一与大二、大三都有显著差异,大一得分最高。大学生宅的生活方式有利有弊,需要理性地对待、合理地引导。

Aim: To explore the current situation and to research the reasons, behavioral expressions and in-fluences of otaku of undergraduates. A total of 1100 undergraduates were surveyed with self- made questionnaire. 1) In terms of the reasons of otaku of undergraduates, there exists significant difference highly in the social reasons between the male college students and female college stu-dents (t = −3.12, P < 0.01). There also exists significant difference extremely in the individual rea-sons (t = 4.33, P < 0.001) and social reasons (t = 3.70, P < 0.001) among the various majors. In ad-dition, the social reasons of otaku of undergraduates are significantly different among the grades (F = 3.49, P < 0.05), of which the freshmen perform significantly higher scores than juniors. 2) In terms of the behavioral expressions of otaku, there are significant differences extremely between the genders (t = −8.23, P < 0.001) and origins (t = 3.50, P < 0.001) of students. And there are significant differences among the undergraduates of the various majors (t = 3.30, P < 0.01) and the grades (F = 4.84, P < 0.01), of which the freshmen perform higher scores than the sophomores and juniors and the freshmen’s scores are the highest. 3) In terms of the influences of otaku, there lie significant differences extremely between the genders (t = −6.45, P < 0.001) and origins (t = 3.88, P < 0.001) of students on positive effects. And there is significant difference extremely among the various majors on positive effects (t = 5.93, P < 0.001) and negative effects (t = 2.21, P < 0.05). Moreover, the various grades have significant difference on positive effects (F = 17.64, P < 0.001), of which the freshmen perform higher scores than the sophomores and juniors and the freshmen’s scores are the highest. The life-style of otaku of undergraduates has two sides and therefore it should be treated rationally and guided reasonably.

文章引用:
李志凤, 胡春梅 (2016). 大学生宅的现状调查:原因、行为表现、影响. 心理学进展, 6(12), 1253-1260. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2016.612158

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