农业科学  >> Vol. 7 No. 2 (April 2017)

三种能源植物的遗传转化研究现状
The Research Status of Genetic Transformation in Three Kinds of Energy Plants

DOI: 10.12677/HJAS.2017.72022, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 912  浏览: 3,018  国家自然科学基金支持

作者: 杜 浩*, 张 彬, 潘锋杰:江苏大学环境与安全工程学院,江苏 镇江;杜道林, 黄 萍:江苏大学环境与安全工程学院,江苏 镇江;江苏大学农业工程研究院,江苏 镇江;庄义庆:镇江农业科学研究所,江苏 镇江

关键词: 柳枝稷甜高粱甘蔗遗传转化开发利用发展前景Switchgrass Sweet Sorghum Sugarcane Genetic Transformation Development and Utilization Development Prospects

摘要: 传统能源日益枯竭,亟须可再生能源的开发和利用,能源植物经过初步加工,能够作为发酵酒精的工业原料。因此,这种具有生长迅速,来源广泛和二氧化碳零排放等优点的新能源成为目前国内外研究的热点。现代基因工程方法可以对能源植物进行定向改良,以提高其抗逆性和产量等。本文主要针对柳枝稷、甜高粱和甘蔗三种常见的能源植物的开发利用、遗传转化现状及其发展前景进行综述和讨论。
Abstract: With the depletion of traditional energies, the renewable energy should be developed and utilized. After preliminary processing, the energy plants could be used as raw materials for industrial fermentation of alcohol. Therefore, the new energy plants, with advantages of rapid growth and rich resources as well as zero carbon emissions, are becoming hot spots of research at home and abroad. Modern genetic engineering method can be directionally used to improve the resistance and yield of energy plants. In this paper, the development & utilization as well as its genetic transformation & development prospect of three kinds of energy plants-switchgrass, Sweet sorghum and Sugarcane were reviewed and discussed.

文章引用: 杜浩, 张彬, 杜道林, 潘锋杰, 黄萍, 庄义庆. 三种能源植物的遗传转化研究现状[J]. 农业科学, 2017, 7(2): 171-178. https://doi.org/10.12677/HJAS.2017.72022

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