JWRR  >> Vol. 6 No. 3 (June 2017)

    梧州市下小河流域水生态补偿初探及政策建议
    Preliminary Study on Water Ecological Compensation and Policy Suggestions of Wuzhou Xiaxiaohe Basin

  • 全文下载: PDF(1011KB) HTML   XML   PP.301-308   DOI: 10.12677/JWRR.2017.63036  
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作者:  

张世杰:安徽省水利部淮委水利科学研究院,水利水资源安徽省重点实验室,安徽 蚌埠

关键词:
水生态补偿机制政策建议下小河流域

摘要:

以梧州市下小河流域为例,提出了下小河流域水生态补偿内容、途径、方式、补偿主体与客体和标准,从补偿范围、类型、内容和方式4个方面初步建立了下小河流域水生态补偿框架体系。结合目前国内关于水生态补偿的现状和研究成果,提出了实施水生态补偿的6点政策建议:一是建立健全水生态补偿立法;二是把握水生态补偿的几个重要关系;三是提高财政转移支付力度,拓宽资金来源;四是完善水生态补偿的管理体制;五是加强公众对水生态补偿的认知与参与;六是加强水生态补偿科学研究与试点工作。水生态补偿作为生态补偿的关键环节,关系到我国水生态文明建设实施的具体成效。研究结果可为梧州市水生态补偿乃至区域水生态补偿机制构建提供一定的科学依据。

The content, way, method, subject and object and standard of water ecological compensation were put forward, and the framework of water ecological compensation system in the Xiaxiaohe basin was established from four aspects of compensation scope, type, content and mode. Combination the present situation and research results of water ecological compensation in China, six policy suggestions on the implementation of water ecological compensation were proposed. The first is to establish and improve water ecological compensation legislation, the second is to grasp several important ecological compensation, the third is to increase the ecological compensation for the financial transfer payments, the fourth is to improve the management system of water ecological compensation, the fifth is to strengthen publicity and education, to enhance the stakeholders of water ecological compensation awareness and participation, and the sixth is to strengthen the scientific research and experimental work of water ecological compensation. As the key link of ecological compensation, water ecological compensation is related to the implementation of water ecological civilization construction in China. It will provide a scientific basis for the construction of water ecological compensation in Wuzhou city and region.

文章引用:
张世杰. 梧州市下小河流域水生态补偿初探及政策建议[J]. 水资源研究, 2017, 6(3): 301-308. https://doi.org/10.12677/JWRR.2017.63036

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