ASS  >> Vol. 6 No. 5 (May 2017)

    简论宋代江浙地区张巡信仰
    Zhang Xun Belief in the Region of Jiangsu and Zhejiang of the Song Dynasty

  • 全文下载: PDF(413KB) HTML   XML   PP.610-615   DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2017.65085  
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作者:  

王莹莹:浙江师范大学,人文学院,浙江 金华

关键词:
宋代张巡信仰江浙地域分布The Song Dynasty Zhang Xun Belief Jiangsu and Zhejiang Regional Distribution

摘要:

唐代睢阳之战中,地方将领张巡顽强抵抗安史叛军,最后不幸以身殉职。张巡死后,唐肃宗下令追赠其为扬州大都督,并在睢阳为其建庙,要求百姓岁时祭祀。唐僖宗时,又继续追封他为一等功臣。随着中央政府对张巡的不断封祀,其英勇忠义的故事在民间广为流传。民间百姓对其十分崇拜,使得张巡信仰的影响范围不断扩展。尤其是到了宋代,中央王朝统治者继续对其追封,并下令在各地大量地建祠立庙,歌颂张巡的英勇义烈和忠君爱国精神。总之,随着宋王朝的提倡、文人的赞颂和北方人口南迁,张巡信仰从睢阳地区逐渐扩展到江浙地区。

In the Battle of Suiyang, Zhang Xun, as a local official of the Tang Dynasty, died at his post unfortunately when he fought against a Lushan’s rebel force. Zhang Xun was awarded posthumously Dudu(都督) of Yangzhou by Emperor Suzong of Tang. At the same time, Emperor Suzong of Tang built a temple in Suiyang for Zhang Xun and commanded the people to worship Zhang Xun every year. Zhang Xun was awarded posthumously the first-class Meritorious Statesman by Emperor Xizong of Tang. The sacrificial offering, which was made by the central government, had an influence on the spreading of stories of Zhang Xun’s heroism and loyalty among the people broadly. The scope of Zhang Xun belief’s influence expanded continuously because of the worship of the people. Especially in the Song Dynasty, Zhang Xun was also awarded posthumously by the rulers of the central government. Temples were built all parts of the country, praising Zhang Xun’s heroism and loyalty. In a word, Zhang Xun belief spread gradually from the region of Suiyang to the region of Jiangsu and Zhejiang with the support of the Song Dynasty, the praise of the intelligentsia and the migration from the North to the South.

文章引用:
王莹莹. 简论宋代江浙地区张巡信仰[J]. 社会科学前沿, 2017, 6(5): 610-615. https://doi.org/10.12677/ASS.2017.65085

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