AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 5 (May 2017)

    社会知觉预期优势效应及节俭化机制
    The Superiority Effect of Social Perceptual Prediction and Its Parsimony Mechanism

  • 全文下载: PDF(521KB) HTML   XML   PP.739-748   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2017.75092  
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作者:  

冉光明:西华师范大学教育学院心理系,四川 南充

关键词:
社会知觉预期优势效应节俭化机制动机注意Social Perceptual Prediction Superiority Effect Parsimony Mechanism Motivation Attention

摘要:

社会知觉预期优势效应是指个体在预期条件下的信息加工能力显著的优于不预期条件。文章首先概述了社会知觉研究领域中重要的知觉线索并介绍了社会知觉预期优势效应的研究范式。此外,论述了社会性知觉预期优势效应的节俭化机制,该机制主要涉及以下两个方面:转换机制和预期编码。最后,强调了未来的研究应加强从多角度对预期转换机制进行考察,明晰经验在预期转换机制中发挥的具体作用,注重个体动机水平与预期编码模型的关系。

The superiority effect of social perceptual prediction is a well established phenomenon in social cognition literature, whereby predictable stimuli are better recognized than unpredictable stimuli. The current paper describes some important perceptual cues and the experimental paradigms of the superiority effect. In addition, we focus on the parsimonious mechanism for the superiority effect of social perceptual prediction that consists of the translation mechanism and coding strategy. Future research should investigate the translation mechanism from various perspectives, as well as the relation between motivation and predictive coding. There is also a need to clarify whether individuals’ experience plays a key role in the translation mechanism.

文章引用:
冉光明 (2017). 社会知觉预期优势效应及节俭化机制. 心理学进展, 7(5), 739-748. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.75092

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