AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 6 (June 2017)

    多重社会认同与生命意义感:领悟到的社会支持和归属感的多重中介效应
    Multiple Social Identities and Meaning of Life: The Multiple Mediating Effects of Perceived Social Support and Sense of Belonging

  • 全文下载: PDF(758KB) HTML   XML   PP.797-803   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2017.76099  
  • 下载量: 48  浏览量: 88   科研立项经费支持

作者:  

周欣然,范子璇,范雯健,刘亚楠:郑州大学教育学院,河南 郑州

关键词:
多重中介多重社会身份领悟到的社会支持归属感生命意义感Multiple Social Identities Perceived Social Support Sense of Belonging Sense of the Meaning of Life

摘要:

目的:考察多重社会认同与生命意义感及领悟到的社会支持、归属感之间的关系。方法:随机选取247名大学生,分别使用多群体成员量表、领悟到的社会支持量表、归属感量表及生命意义感量表进行测量研究。结果:大学生多重社会认同、领悟到的社会支持、归属感以及生命意义感两两显著正相关;结构方程模型分析结果显示:多重社会认同不但能直接正向预测个体的生命意义感,还能通过领悟到的社会支持和归属感的链式中介间接预测个体的生命意义感。结论:大学生的多重社会认同意义重大,对生命意义感的提升有重要作用。

Objective: To investigate the relationships among multiple social identities, perceived social sup-port, sense of belonging and meaning in life. Methods: Totally 247 college students were selected randomly. And they are respectively surveyed with Multiple Group Memberships Scale, Perceived Social Support Scale, Sense of Belonging Questionnaire and Meaning in Life Questionnaire. Results: Multiple social identities not only have a directly positive prediction to the individuals’ meaning in life, but also can predict the meaning in life through the multiple mediation of the perceived social support and sense of belonging. Conclusion: College students’ multiple social identities are of great significance and play an important role in promoting the meaning in life.

文章引用:
周欣然, 范子璇, 范雯健, 刘亚楠 (2017). 多重社会认同与生命意义感:领悟到的社会支持和归属感的多重中介效应. 心理学进展, 7(6), 797-803. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.76099

参考文献

[1] 刘思斯, 甘怡群(2010). 生命意义感量表中文版在大学生群体中的信效度. 中国心理卫生杂志, 24(6), 478-482.
[2] 刘亚楠, 张舒, 刘璐怡, 刘慧瀛(2016). 感恩与生命意义:领悟到的社会支持与归属感的多重中介模型. 中国特殊教育, (4), 80-83.
[3] 张莹瑞, 佐斌(2006). 社会认同理论及其发展. 心理科学进展, 14(3), 475-480.
[4] Cruwys, T., Has-lam, S. A., Dingle, G. A., Haslam, C., & Jetten, J. (2014). Depression and Social Identity: An Integrative Review. Personal-ity and Social Psychology Review, 18, 215-238.
[5] Emmons, R. A. (2003). Personal Goals, Life Meaning, and Virtue: Wellsprings of a Positive Life. In C. Keyes, & J. Haidt (Eds.), Flourishing: Positive Psychology and the Well-Lived Life (pp. 105-128). Washington: American Psychological Association.
https://doi.org/10.1037/10594-005
[6] Haslam S. A., Jetten, J., Postmes, T., & Haslam, C. (2009). Social Identity, Health and Well-Being: An Emerging Agenda for Applied Psychology. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 58, 1-23.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-0597.2008.00379.x
[7] Jetten, J., Branscombe, N. R., Haslam, S. A., Haslam, C., Jones, J. M., Cui, L. J. et al. (2015). Having a Lot of a Good Thing: Multiple Important Group Memberships as a Source of Self-Esteem. PLoS ONE, 10, e0124609.
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124609
[8] Lambert, N. M., Stillman, T. F., Hicks, J. A., et al. (2013). To Be-long Is to Matter: Sense of Belonging Enhances Meaning in Life. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39, 1418-1427.
https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167213499186
[9] Ryff, C. D., & Singer, B. (1998). The Contours of Positive Human Health. Psychology Inquiry, 9, 1-28.
https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli0901_1
[10] Shannon, M. D., Allison, A. F., Jennie, F. et al. (2009). Teacher Support and Adolescents Subjective Well-Being: A Mixed Methods Investigation. School Psychology Review, 38, 67-85.
[11] Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in Experimental and Non-Experimental Studies: New Procedures and Recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7, 422-445.
[12] Sieber, S. D. (1974). Toward a Theory of Role Accumu-lation. American Sociological Review, 39, 567-578.
https://doi.org/10.2307/2094422
[13] Steger, M.F., Frazier, P., Oishi, S., et al. (2006) The Meaning in Life Question-naire: Assessing the Presence of And Search for Meaning in Life. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 53, 80-93.
[14] Stillman, T. F., Baumeister, R. F., Lambert, N. M. et al. (2009). Alone and without Meaning: Life Loses Mean-ing Following Social Exclusion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 686-694.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jesp.2009.03.007
[15] Tajfel, H. (1972). Experiments in a Vacuum. In J. Israel, & H. Tajfel (Eds.), The Context of Social Psychology: A Critical Assessment (pp. 69-119). London: Academic Press.
[16] Thoits, P. A. (1983). Multiple Identities and Psychological Well-Being: A Reformulation and Test of the Social Isolation Hypothesis. American Sociological Review, 48, 174-187.
https://doi.org/10.2307/2095103
[17] Yip, T., Kiang, L., & Fuligni, A. J. (2008). Multiple Social Identities and Reactivity to Daily Stress among Ethnically Diverse Young Adults. Journal of Research in Personality, 42, 1160-1172.