AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 6 (June 2017)

    小教全科生自我意识、自尊与负面评价恐惧的调查研究
    The Study of Self-Consciousness and Self-Esteem, Fear of Negative Evaluation, in Normal Students Who Majored in General Primary Education

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作者:  

孟鲁,尹晨祖:河池学院教师教育学院,广西 宜州

关键词:
小教全科自我意识自尊负面评价恐惧中介效应General Primary Education Self-Consciousness Self-Esteem Fear of Negative Evaluation Mediation Effect

摘要:

目的:了解小教全科学生自我意识、自尊与负面评价恐惧的现状,以及探究自我意识、自尊和负面评价恐惧之间存在的关系。方法:采用整群抽样的方法,利用自我意识量表中文修订版(C-SCS),自尊量表(SES)和惧怕否定评价简明量表(BFNES)对广西两年制小教全科专业共623名学生进行调查。结果:(1) 小教全科生自尊和负面评价恐惧的年级差异显著,社交焦虑和自我意识的性别差异显著。(2) 自我意识、自尊、负面评价恐惧之间存在显著的相关关系。(3) 自我意识、自尊对负面评价恐惧有显著的回归效应。(4) 自尊在自我意识和负面评价恐惧之间起到部分中介作用。结论:小教全科生二年级同学自尊水平高于一年级,负面评价恐惧水平低于一年级;女同学相比男同学拥有更高的自我意识和社交焦虑;自我意识不仅能直接对负面评价恐惧产生影响,还可以通过自尊间接影响负面评价恐惧。

Objective: To study self-consciousness, self-esteem and fear of negative evaluation in students who majored in general primary school education, and explore the relationship between self-consciousness, self-esteem and fear of negative evaluation. Method: Totally 623 students who majored in two year general primary education in Guangxi province successfully completed the questionnaires of Chinese reversed self-consciousness scale (C-SCS), self-esteem scale (SES) and brief fear of negative evaluation scale (BFNES). Results: (1) For different grade students, there are significant differences in self-esteem and self-consciousness. For different gender students, there are significant differences in social anxiety and self-consciousness. (2) Self-consciousness, self-esteem and fear of negative evaluation were correlated significantly. (3) Multivariate regression showed that self-consciousness and self-esteem hand significant prediction to fear of negative eval-uation. (4) Self-esteem had a significant mediation effect on the relationship between self-consciousness and fear of negative evaluation. Conclusions: The grade 2 students’ self-esteem was stronger than grade 1 students’, and the grade 2 students had less fear of negative evaluation. Female has stronger self-consciousness and more social anxiety than male. Self-consciousness had both direct and indirect effects on fear of negative evaluation.

文章引用:
孟鲁, 尹晨祖 (2017). 小教全科生自我意识、自尊与负面评价恐惧的调查研究. 心理学进展, 7(6), 804-811. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.76100

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