MD  >> Vol. 7 No. 2 (June 2017)

    影像学技术在帕金森病临床诊断中的应用
    Application of Imaging Techniques in the Clinical Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease

  • 全文下载: PDF(387KB) HTML   XML   PP.35-41   DOI: 10.12677/MD.2017.72007  
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作者:  

张学凯,时晶:北京中医药大学东直门医院脑病三科,北京;
张立苹:北京中医药大学东直门医院放射科,北京

关键词:
帕金森病神经影像学诊断Parkinson’s Disease Neurological Imaging Technologies Diagnosis

摘要:

帕金森病作为中老年神经系统的一种常见退行性疾病,给家庭和社会带来沉重的精神和经济负担。如何早期诊断和治疗对帕金森病患者的病情进展和总体预后至关重要。近些年来,影像学技术的进展使得PD影像学诊断有了新突破。因此,本文将分别概述经颅超声成像、核磁共振、单光子发射计算机断层显像、正电子发射计算机断层显像等影像技术通过显示脑血流、代谢、神经递质、转运体、受体、黑质回声改变在诊断PD方面的应用。以期为临床诊断PD提供参考。

Parkinson’s disease is one of the common neurodegenerative diseases in elder patients, which brings huge emotional and economic burden to the family and society. Thus, how to early diagnose and treat the disease is essential to PD patients. With the fast development of neurological imaging technologies, PD image diagnosis has new methods. Therefore, present review covers the use of transcranial sonography, magnetic resonance imaging, single-photon emission computed tomographic imaging, positron emission computed tomography in visualize cerebral blood circulation, cerebral metabolism, neurotransmitters, transporter, receptors and sonography changes in PD patients, and we hope to provide certain help in clinical setting.

文章引用:
张学凯, 时晶, 张立苹. 影像学技术在帕金森病临床诊断中的应用[J]. 医学诊断, 2017, 7(2): 35-41. https://doi.org/10.12677/MD.2017.72007

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