MP  >> Vol. 7 No. 4 (July 2017)

    基于粒子自旋的原子模型与实验分析
    Atomic Model and Experimental Analysis Based on Particle Spin

  • 全文下载: PDF(830KB) HTML   XML   PP.94-105   DOI: 10.12677/MP.2017.74011  
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作者:  

吴先金:长江大学信息与数学学院,湖北 荆州

关键词:
粒子自旋原子模型基本电荷光子静止质量常数Particle Spin Atomic Model Basic Charge Photon Rest Mass Constant

摘要:

原子模型是原子物理学的基础。本文通过粒子自旋实验分析,论述了原子核与电子相互作用原理,提出了基于粒子自旋的原子模型。基于对普朗克常数和相关实验分析,阐述了原子核外层梯度能级、外层电子能量、基本电荷及电磁效应原理。基于光子(基本粒子)静止质量常数假设,论述了电子与光子的相互作用及光电效应原理。最后,论述了氢原子光谱与精细结构常数的联系。本文对原子模型一些基本问题的讨论,将对原子物理学的发展开拓新的思路,对原子物理学的应用展示广阔的前景。

The atomic model is the foundation of atomic physics. In this paper, the principle of atomic nuc-leus interaction with electrons is discussed, and the atomic model based on particle spin is pro-posed by analysis of experimental particle spin. The nucleus outer gradient energy level, outer electron energy, basic charge and electromagnetic effect principle are described based on analysis of the Planck's constant and related experimental. The interaction between electron and photon and the principle of photoelectric effect are discussed based on the assumption of photon (elementary particle) rest mass constant. Finally, the relationship between hydrogen atom spectra and fine structure constants is discussed. This article discusses some basic problems of atomic model, will open up new ideas for the development of atomic physics, showing broad prospects for application of atomic physics.

文章引用:
吴先金. 基于粒子自旋的原子模型与实验分析[J]. 现代物理, 2017, 7(4): 94-105. https://doi.org/10.12677/MP.2017.74011

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