HJAS  >> Vol. 7 No. 6 (September 2017)

    甘蔗钾营养研究进展
    Research Progress on Potassium Nutrition in Sugarcane

  • 全文下载: PDF(785KB) HTML   XML   PP.443-450   DOI: 10.12677/HJAS.2017.76057  
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作者:  

陈迪文,江 永,敖俊华,周文灵,黄 莹,沈大春,王 庆,黄振瑞,李奇伟:广东省生物工程研究所(广州甘蔗糖业研究所),广东省甘蔗改良与生物炼制重点实验室,广东 广州

关键词:
甘蔗研究进展Sugarcane Potassium Research Progress

摘要:

甘蔗是一种喜钾作物,钾利于提高甘蔗产量与增强抗逆性。国内外已开展许多与甘蔗钾营养相关的研究。本文综述了甘蔗钾营养的相关研究,它们主要集中在:对甘蔗光合作用等生理活动的影响,对甘蔗生长和产量形成的影响,甘蔗对钾的吸收积累与分配特性,甘蔗对钾吸收利用的基因型差异,蔗田土壤钾素形态转化与释放,蔗田土壤钾素肥力分级,甘蔗钾肥施用方式和用量,其他元素对甘蔗钾吸收利用的影响,钾提高甘蔗耐盐性及钠-钾替代,提高甘蔗其他抗性等方面。希望通过对这些研究的总结分析,以指导我国在该领域的研究,推动我国甘蔗生产的健康发展。

Sugarcane is a kind of crop that is addicted to potassium. Potassium enhances sugarcane yield and stress resistance. Many research papers related to potassium nutrition in sugarcane have been carried out both at home and abroad. Studies on potassium nutrition in sugarcane are reviewed in this paper, which mainly includes the effects of potassium on physiological activities such as photosynthesis in sugarcane, the effects of potassium on growth and yield of sugarcane; potassium accumulation and distribution in sugarcane; genotype differences in potassium uptake in sugarcane; potassium transformation and release in sugarcane field; soil potassium grading of sugarcane field; the effects of other elements on the utilization of potassium; potassium increases the salinity tolerance and sodium-potassium substitution; potassium increases other resistance of sugarcane. It is hoped that these studies can guide our research in this field and to promote the healthy development of sugarcane production in China.

文章引用:
陈迪文, 江永, 敖俊华, 周文灵, 黄莹, 沈大春, 王庆, 黄振瑞, 李奇伟. 甘蔗钾营养研究进展[J]. 农业科学, 2017, 7(6): 443-450. https://doi.org/10.12677/HJAS.2017.76057

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