人字点骨、印加骨和前顶间骨鉴定分类辨析
Discriminate Analysis of the Ossicle at Lambda, Inca Bone and Pre-Interparietal Bone
DOI: 10.12677/MA.2017.54007, PDF, HTML, XML,  被引量 下载: 1,552  浏览: 3,315 
作者: 杜抱朴:中国科学院古脊椎动物与古人类研究所,中国科学院脊椎动物演化与人类起源重点实验室,北京
关键词: 印加骨缝间骨人字缝尖非测量性状Inca Bone Accessory Ossicles Lambda Non-Metric Features
摘要: 人字点骨、印加骨和前顶间骨是出现于人字缝尖区域的三类缝间骨,常作为重要的颅骨非测量特征用于探知现代人群的演变过程。然而,这三类骨骼的鉴定分类常存在分歧,给后续对比研究带来诸多不便。本文试图在前人研究基础上,梳理归纳人字点骨、印加骨和前顶间骨的主要形态特征,并简化分类标准,希冀有助于学者们在观察研究过程中甄别和分属这三类骨骼。
Abstract: Three distinct wormian bones (the ossicle at lambda, Inca bone and pre-interparietal bone) are always presented in the lambda region within the discrete cranial traits studies for exploring the evolution of modern humans. However, many researchers report varying frequency of these sutural bones among different ethnical populations using difference criteria, which is inconvenient for the subsequent comparisons. The aim of this study is to clarify their differentiation and classify the different types through the establishment of a unified standard. We hope that the results will help scholars to standardize the study of these three bones.
文章引用:杜抱朴. 人字点骨、印加骨和前顶间骨鉴定分类辨析[J]. 现代人类学, 2017, 5(4): 47-53. https://doi.org/10.12677/MA.2017.54007

参考文献

[1] Berry, A.C. and Berry, R.J. (1967) Epigenetic Variation in the Human Cranium. Journal of Anatomy, 101, 361-379.
[2] Hanihara, T. and Ishida, H. (2001) Os Incae: Variation in Frequency in Major Human Population Groups. Journal of Anatomy, 198, 137-152.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-7580.2001.19820137.x
[3] Hanihara, T. and Ishida, H. (2001) Frequency Variations of Discrete Cranial Traits in Major Human Populations. I. Supernumerary Ossicle Variations. Journal of Anatomy, 198, 689-706.
https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1469-7580.2001.19860689.x
[4] Weidenreich, F. (1939) Six Lectures on Sinanthropus peki-nensis and Related Problems. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 19, 1-2.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-6724.1939.mp19001008.x
[5] 吴新智. 中国和欧洲早期智人的比较研究[J]. 人类学学报, 1988, 7(4): 287-293.
[6] 杜抱朴, 周易, 孙金慧, 张立召, 夏宏茹, 王益人, 赵凌霞. 山西襄汾石沟砂场发现人类枕骨化石[J]. 人类学学报, 2014, 33(4): 437-447.
[7] 吴新智. 中国远古人类的进化[J]. 人类学学报, 1990, 9(4): 312-321.
[8] Kadanoff, D., Mutafov, St. (1968) Über die Variationen der typisch lokalisierten überzähligen Knochen und Knochenfortsätze des Hirnschädels beim Menschen. Anthropologischer Anzeiger, 31, 28-39.
[9] 洛树东, 侯施霑, 傅成钧, 周志淳. 国人顶间骨的观察[J]. 人类学学报, 1983(3): 247-252.
[10] Hauser, G. and De Stefano, G.F. (1989) Epigenetic Variants of the Human Skull. E. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart.
[11] Srivastava, H.C. (1992) Ossification of the Membranous Por-tion of the Squamous Part of the Occipital Bone in Man. Journal of Anatomy, 180, 219-224.
[12] Matsumura, G., Uchiumi, T., Kida, K., et al. (1993) Development Studies on the Interparietal Part of the Human Occipital Squama. Journal of Anatomy, 182, 197-204.
[13] Bhanu, P.S. and Sankar, K.D. (2011) Interparietal and Pre-Interparietal Bones in the Population of South Coastal Andhra Pradesh, India. Folia Morphologica, 70, 185-190.
[14] 绍象清. 人体测量手册[M]. 上海: 上海辞书出版社, 1985: 1-492.
[15] 吴汝康, 吴新智, 张振标. 人体测量方法[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 1984: 1-172.
[16] Srivastava, H.C. (1977) Development of Ossification Centres in the Squamous Portion of the Occipital Bone in Man. Journal of Anatomy, 124, 643-649.
[17] Pal, G.P., Tamankar, B.P., Routal, R.V., et al. (1984) The Ossification of the Membranous Part of the Squamous Occipital Bone in Man. Journal of Anatomy, 138, 259-266.
[18] 刘俊刚, 李欣, 王春祥, 张琳, 国婉华. 儿童枕骨鳞部正常解剖, 解剖变异及骨折的三维CT特征[J]. 中华放射学杂志, 2013, 47(4): 361-363.
[19] Shapiro, R. and Robinson, F. (1976) The Os Incae. American Journal of Roentgenology, 127, 469-471.
https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.127.3.469
[20] Oetteking, B. (1930) Craniology of the North Pacific Coast. Brill, New York.
[21] Ranke, J. (1913) Ranke, J. (1913) Cited by Schafer, E.A., Symington, J. and Bryce, T.H. (1915) In Quain’s Ele-ments of Anatomy, 11th Edition, Vol. IV, Part 1, 53-55. Longman, Green & Co. Ranke, London.
[22] Gopinathan, K. (1992) A Rare Anomaly of 5 Ossicles in the Pre-Interparietal Part of the Squamous Occipital Bone in North Indians. Journal of Anatomy, 180, 201-202.
[23] Pal, G.P. (1987) Variations of the Interparietal Bone in Man. Journal of Anatomy, 152, 205-208.
[24] Saxena, S.K., Chowdhary, D.S. and Jain, S.P. (1986) Interparietal Bones in Nigerian Skulls. Journal of Anatomy, 144, 235-237.
[25] Choudhary, A.K., Jha, B., Boal, D.K., et al. (2010) Occipital Sutures and Its Variations: The Value of 3D-CT and How to Differentiate It from Fractures using 3D-CT? Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 32, 807-816.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-010-0633-5
[26] 张银运. 人类头骨非测量性状述评[J]. 人类学学报, 1993, 12(4): 394-397.
[27] Torgersen, J. (1951) Hereditary Factors in the Sutural Pattern of the Skull. Acta Radiologica, 36, 374-382.
https://doi.org/10.3109/00016925109176987
[28] Deol, M.S. and Truslove, G.M. (1957) Genetical Studies on the Ske-leton of the Mouse XX. Maternal Physiology and Variation in the Skeleton of C57 BL Mice. Journal of Genetics, 55, 288-312.
https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02981645
[29] Ossenberg, N.S. (1970) The Influence of Artificial Cranial Deformation on Discontinuous Morphological Traits. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 33, 357-371.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.1330330310
[30] Lahr, M.M. (1996) The Evolution of Modern Human Diversity. A Study of Cranial Variation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[31] O’Loughlin, V.D. (2004) Effects of Different Kinds of Cranial Deformation on the Incidence of Wormian Bones. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 123, 146-155.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.10304
[32] Del Papa, M.C. and Perez, S.I. (2007) The Influence of Artificial Cranial Vault Deformation on the Expression of Cranial Nonmetric Traits: Its Importance in the Study of Evolutionary Relationships. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 134, 251-262.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ajpa.20665
[33] Wu, J.K., Goodrich, J.T., Amadi, C.C., et al. (2001) Interparietal Bone (Os Incae) in Craniosynostosis. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 155, 287-294.
https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.33800
[34] Ossenberg, N.S. (1969) Discontinuous Morphological Variation in the Human Cranium. University of Toronto, To-ronto.