社会科学前沿  >> Vol. 6 No. 11 (November 2017)

贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员的创伤后成长与社会支持对心理健康的影响
Effects of Posttraumatic Growth and Social Support on Psychological Health of Prisoners with Crime of Corruption and Bribery

DOI: 10.12677/ASS.2017.611194, PDF, , XML, 下载: 997  浏览: 1,933  科研立项经费支持

作者: 王良益:中国政法大学民商经济法学院,北京;张爱华:泰山医学院护理学院,山东 泰安

关键词: 贪污贿赂罪服刑人员创伤后成长社会支持心理健康The Crime of Corruption and Bribery Prisoner Posttraumatic Growth Social Support Mental Health

摘要: 目的:探讨贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员的创伤后成长、社会支持对心理健康的影响。方法:采用方便抽样法选取山东省10所监狱572名贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员作为研究对象,采用一般资料调查表、创伤后成长评定量表(PTGI)、领悟社会支持量表和SF-36健康问卷的心理健康分量表进行横断面调查。结果:贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员的平均年龄为47.88 ± 7.88岁,以贪污罪、挪用公款罪和受贿罪为主(76.7%),平均已服刑时间为3.6 ± 2.29年。贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员的创伤后成长水平为64.57 ± 14.74分,领悟社会支持总分为68.79 ± 14.63,心理健康总分为63.84 ± 18.03;创伤后成长和社会支持与心理健康均呈正相关;结构方程模型分析表明社会支持和创伤后成长对心理健康均具有直接的显著影响(P < 0.01),社会支持通过创伤后成长的中介作用间接作用于心理健康。结论:贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员心理健康水平偏低,存在着中等程度的创伤后成长,监狱管理人员应加强贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员的社会支持,以促进其创伤后的成长并进而提高其心理健康水平。
Abstract: Objective: To explore the effects of posttraumatic growth and social support on psychological health of the prisoners with crime of corruption and bribery. Methods: A total of 572 prisoners with crime of corruption and bribery in ten jails of Shan Dong Province were recruited by convenience sampling. A cross-sectional study was conducted in prisoners by means of questionnaires that included demographic scale, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), perceived social support scale and subscale of mental health component summary in SF-36 Health Questionnaire. Results: the average age of prisoners with crime of corruption and bribery was 47.88 ± 7.88 years old. They mainly commit the crime of corruption, bribery and embezzlement and the average time served was 3.6 ± 2.29 years. A total score of posttraumatic growth in prisoners with crime of corruption and bribery was 64.57 ± 14.74, the total score of  perceived social support was 68.79 ± 14.63, and the total score of mental health was 63.84 ± 18.03; Posttraumatic growth and social support were positively related with psychological health; Structural equation modeling analysis showed that both posttraumatic growth and social support had direct positively predict mental health (P < 0.01), social support through the intermediary role of posttraumatic growth indirectly effects on mental health. Conclusions: the level of psychological health of prisoners with crime of corruption and bribery was lower. There is a moderate posttraumatic growth of them; The prison staff should give more social support to prisoners with crime of corruption and bribery, facilitate their PTG and then in order to improve their level of psychological health.

文章引用: 王良益, 张爱华. 贪污贿赂犯罪服刑人员的创伤后成长与社会支持对心理健康的影响[J]. 社会科学前沿, 2017, 6(11): 1380-1387. https://doi.org/10.12677/ASS.2017.611194

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