AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 11 (November 2017)

    The Prediction of Emotion and Pain in High and Low Trait Anxiety

  • 全文下载: PDF(474KB) HTML   XML   PP.1277-1283   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2017.711159  
  • 下载量: 591  浏览量: 760   科研立项经费支持


冉光明,伍琴琴:西华师范大学教育学院心理系,四川 南充;
张 琪:西华师范大学学前与初等教育学院,四川 南充

特质焦虑情绪疼痛加工预期加工Trait Anxiety Emotion Painful Processing Prediction Processing



To examine the prediction of emotion and pain in high and low trait anxiety, the current study employed cue-target paradigm. We found that participants with low trait anxiety (LTA), but not with high trait anxiety (HTA), recognized unpredictable angry faces more accurately than pre-dictable angry faces. This probably reflects that the unpredictability amplifies the negative impact of threat stimuli for participants with LTA. Moreover, participants recognized painful pictures more accurately than non-painful pictures in the unpredictable trials, but not in the predictable trials, suggesting that prediction can reduce the susceptibility to pain.

冉光明, 伍琴琴, 张琪 (2017). 高低特质焦虑大学生的情绪和疼痛预期加工. 心理学进展, 7(11), 1277-1283. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.711159


[1] 李文利, 钱铭怡(1995). 状态特质焦虑量表中国大学生常模修订. 北京大学学报: 自然科学版, (31), 108-114.
[2] 宋娟, 郭丰波, 张振, 原胜, 金花, 王益文(2016). 人际距离影响疼痛共情:朋友启动效应. 心理学报, (48), 833-844.
[3] Bar-Haim, Y., Lamy, D., & Glickman, S. (2005). Attentional Bias in Anxiety: A Behavioral and ERP Study. Brain and Cognition, 59, 11-22.
[4] Clark, J. A., Brown, C. A., Jones, A. K., & El-Deredy, W. (2008). Dissociating Nociceptive Modulation by the Duration of Pain Anticipation from Unpredictability in the Timing of Pain. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119, 2870-2878.
[5] Freitas-Ferrari, M. C., Hallak, J. E., Trzesniak, C., Santos Filho, A., Machado-de-Sousa, J. P., Chagas, M. H. N. et al. (2010). Neuroimaging in Social Anxiety Disorder: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 34, 565-580.
[6] Gole, M., Schäfer, A., & Schienle, A. (2012). Event-Related Potentials during Exposure to Aversion and Its Anticipation: The Moderating Effect of Intolerance of Uncertainty. Neuroscience Letters, 507, 112-117.
[7] Manassis, K. (2000). Childhood Anxiety Disorders: Lessons from the Literature. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 724-730.
[8] McNally, R. J. (2002). Anxiety and Its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1453-1453.
[9] Meng, J., Li, H., Lin, S., Yang, Z., Chen, H., Huang, X. et al. (2012). Emotional Primes Modulate the Responses to Others’ Pain: An ERP Study. Experimental Brain Research, 220, 277-286.
[10] Morton, D. L., El-Deredy, W., Watson, A., & Jones, A. K. (2010). Placebo Analgesia as a Case of a Cognitive Style Driven by Prior Expectation. Brain Research, 1359, 137-141.
[11] Onoda, K., Okamoto, Y., Toki, S., Ueda, K., Shishida, K., Kinoshita, A. et al. (2008). Anterior Cingulate Cortex Modulates Preparatory Activation during Certain Anticipation of Negative Picture. Neuropsychologia, 46, 102-110.
[12] Qiu, C., Liao, W., Ding, J., Feng, Y., Zhu, C., Nie, X. et al. (2011). Regional Homogeneity Changes in Social Anxiety Disorder: a Resting-State fMRI Study. Psychiatry Re-search: Neuroimaging, 194, 47-53.
[13] Ran, G., Chen, X., Cao, X., & Zhang, Q. (2016a). Prediction and Unconscious Attention Operate Synergistically to Facilitate Stimulus Processing: An fMRI Study. Consciousness & Cognition, 44, 41-50.
[14] Ran, G., Chen, X., Zhang, Q., Ma, Y., & Zang, X. (2016b). Attention Modulates Neural Responses to Unpredictable Emotional Faces in Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10.
[15] Ran, G., Zhang, Q., Chen, X., & Pan, Y. (2014). The Effects of Prediction on the Perception for Own-Race and Other-Race Faces. PLoS ONE, 9, e114011.
[16] Spielberger, C. D., Gorsuch, R. L., Lushene, R., Vagg, P. R., & Jacobs, G. A. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologist.
[17] Wang, Y., & Luo, Y. J. (2005). Standardization and Assessment of College Students’ Facial Expression of Emotion. Chinese Journal of Clinical Psychology, 13, 396-398.
[18] Weinberg, A., & Hajcak, G. (2010). Beyond Good and Evil: The Time-Course of Neural Activity Elicited by Specific Picture Content. Emotion, 10, 767-782.
[19] Yang, J., Yuan, J., & Hong, L. (2012). Expectation Decreases Brain Susceptibility to Fearful Stimuli: ERP Evidence from a Modified Emotion Evaluation Task. Neuroscience Letters, 514, 198-203.