AP  >> Vol. 7 No. 11 (November 2017)

    高低特质焦虑大学生的情绪和疼痛预期加工
    The Prediction of Emotion and Pain in High and Low Trait Anxiety

  • 全文下载: PDF(474KB) HTML   XML   PP.1277-1283   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2017.711159  
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作者:  

冉光明,伍琴琴:西华师范大学教育学院心理系,四川 南充;
张 琪:西华师范大学学前与初等教育学院,四川 南充

关键词:
特质焦虑情绪疼痛加工预期加工Trait Anxiety Emotion Painful Processing Prediction Processing

摘要:

当前研究采用线索-靶子范式考察了高低特质焦虑大学生的情绪预期和疼痛预期加工。实验结果发现,低特质焦虑被试识别不预期生气面孔的正确率显著高于其对预期生气面孔的识别,但高特质焦虑被试并未表现出这种差异,这表明不可预期性会放大威胁刺激对低特质焦虑被试的影响,但不会影响高特质焦虑被试。此外,研究还观察到在不预期条件下,被试对疼痛图片的识别准确率更高,但在预期条件下,被试对疼痛和非疼痛图片识别的准确率差异不显著,该结果说明预期能够降低个体的疼痛敏感性。

To examine the prediction of emotion and pain in high and low trait anxiety, the current study employed cue-target paradigm. We found that participants with low trait anxiety (LTA), but not with high trait anxiety (HTA), recognized unpredictable angry faces more accurately than pre-dictable angry faces. This probably reflects that the unpredictability amplifies the negative impact of threat stimuli for participants with LTA. Moreover, participants recognized painful pictures more accurately than non-painful pictures in the unpredictable trials, but not in the predictable trials, suggesting that prediction can reduce the susceptibility to pain.

文章引用:
冉光明, 伍琴琴, 张琪 (2017). 高低特质焦虑大学生的情绪和疼痛预期加工. 心理学进展, 7(11), 1277-1283. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2017.711159

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