AP  >> Vol. 8 No. 1 (January 2018)

    The Influence of Different Emotional States on External Emotional Stimuli

  • 全文下载: PDF(399KB) HTML   XML   PP.40-48   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2018.81006  
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张 玲:西南大学,心理学部,重庆

情绪状态注意瞬脱效价唤醒度心境一致性效应Emotional State Attentional Blink Valence Arousal Mood-Congruent Effect



Emotion has an important influence on attention. The present study mainly investigates the in-fluences of emotional state on humans’ attention to emotional stimuli. In this study, forty-two college students were tested. Prior to the experimental task, subjects were required to watch a positive or negative video to induce corresponding emotional state. Subsequently, subjects were asked to complete an attentional blink task, during which subjects were firstly asked to judge if T1 was a flower or an animal, and then to classify T2 according to their emotional valence (positive, neutral or negative). It was found that, regardless of individual emotional state, negative stimuli were the most difficult to be detected, and there were no differences in the detection of positive and neutral stimuli. Meanwhile, compared to those in the positive mood state, subjects in negative mood state found it more difficult to detect negative stimuli. The study showed that the emotional state of the individual had an impact on attention devotion to emotional stimuli, especially on the attention to negative stimuli. And this effect may be related to avoidance motivation, devoting more cognitive resources, and to the narrowing of the attention breadth during negative stimulation.

张玲 (2018). 个体不同情绪状态下对外界情绪刺激的注意. 心理学进展, 8(1), 40-48. https://doi.org/10.12677/AP.2018.81006


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