# 月亮为什么远离地球？Why Is the Moon Getting Further Away from Earth?

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Why is the Moon getting further away from Earth? The first reason that comes to mind is, of course, the expansion of the universe, but the calculations according to Hubble’s law do not match these observations. Through the theory of space-time ladder, we have established the expansion formula of the planets and satellites in the solar system, and the calculation results are basically consistent with the observations. Moreover, when explaining the expansion formula, the similar atoms fine structure constants in the solar system are found. This constant is related to the contraction of the Energy QI field. It is the constant that causes the expansion speed of the planet to decrease in the form of an equiangular spiral, so the expansion velocity of the planets in the solar system differs greatly from the recessional velocity in Hubble’s Law. Through this calculation, it is found that although both the atom and the solar system are contracted in the form of the physical space-time, there is a difference. The atom shrinks in contraction, which is a complete contraction, while the solar system expands in contraction. This is consistent with the prediction of the space-time ladder theory. The contraction of atoms and the expansion of the universe correspond to each other. The increase of the atomic fine structure constant proves that the atom is shrinking, and the atomic contraction seems to be that the universe is expanding in the space-time ladder theory. These results prove that the space-time ladder theory is correct. In addition, this study found that the interpretation of force by space-time ladder theory is equivalent to the interpretation of force by quantum electrodynamics (QED), and is based on fine structure constants.

1. 引言

1994年，Dickey等人在《科学》杂志上发表论文，表明月亮远离地球的速度是每年3.82 ± 0.07厘米 [1] 。

2. 时空阶梯理论简介

${F}_{1}=q\left({E}_{1}+{v}_{1}×B\right)$

$F=m\left(E+v×Q\right)$

${v}_{1}={H}_{0}D$

${v}_{2}=\frac{RQ}{\mathrm{sin}\theta }$

3. 按照哈勃定律计算

Table 1. The theoretical calculation distance of the eight planets away from the sun

Table 2. The actual observation distance of the eight planets away from the sun

4. 经验公式的建立

$v=QD$

v是行星(地球等)膨胀的速度，或者卫星(月亮等)膨胀的速度，Q是气感应强度，D是行星到太阳的距离，或者月亮到地球的距离。

${k}_{1}v=QD\left(\frac{c}{{v}_{1}}\right)$

$v=\frac{{H}_{0}D}{{k}_{1}}{\left(\frac{c}{{v}_{1}}\right)}^{2}$

$v=\frac{{H}_{0}D}{{k}^{4}}{\left(\frac{c}{{v}_{1}}\right)}^{2}$

5. 验证经验公式

Table 3. Average distance from the eight planets to the sun and average orbital speed

Table 4. Distance of eight planets away from the sun calculated using only one expansion coefficient

Table 5. Expansion coefficient calculated according to the actual distance

Table 6. Comparison between theoretical expansion coefficient and actual expansion coefficient

Table 7. The difference between theory and actual distance

$v=\frac{{H}_{0}D}{{k}^{4}}{\left(\frac{c}{{v}_{1}}\right)}^{2},k=306.697266806281{\text{e}}^{\left(\frac{n\text{π}}{18}\right)},\left(n=1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,\cdots \right)$

6. 对经验公式的初步解释

7. 精细结构常数的意义

e是基本电荷，

${\epsilon }_{0}$ 是真空电容率，

$\hslash$ 是约化普朗克常数，是普朗克常数，

c是光速。

“狄拉克方程认为光谱的精细结构是由电子的自旋–轨道作用引起的，是一种相对论效应”。相对论效应，在时空阶梯理论看来，就是给形而下时空一个划了一个界限，就是光速和光速以下的是形而下时空，形而下时空不可能超光速，而且形而下时空是收缩的，收缩是是逐渐增强的。狄拉克方程具有更丰富的形而下时空阶梯的内容，所以，狄拉克方程可以描述更丰富的粒子和粒子的自旋 [14] 。

$F=\frac{m{c}^{2}}{r}\frac{{c}^{n}}{{v}_{1}{v}_{2}{v}_{3}\cdots {v}_{n}}$

1) 原子的精细结构常数变大，说明宇宙膨胀。

2) 原子的精细结构常数变小，说明宇宙收缩。

3) 原子的精细结构常数不变，说明宇宙处于动态平衡状态。就是说，宇宙既不膨胀，也不收缩，或者说宇宙既膨胀又收缩，但是，膨胀和收缩处于动态平衡状态。

8. 宇宙以等角螺线的方式展开

9. 总结

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