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Observation on the Effect of Relaxation and Incentive Nursing Mode after Plastic Surgery
DOI: 10.12677/NS.2022.112045, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 46  浏览: 64

Abstract: Objective: To explore the application effect of relaxation and incentive nursing mode in postoperative nursing of plastic and cosmetic patients. Methods: 90 patients with plastic surgery who were treated in our hospital from January 2021 to December 2021 were selected as the research object. They were randomly divided into observation group and control group, with 45 cases in each group. The observation group received relaxation nursing and incentive nursing, and the control group received routine nursing. The anxiety and depression scores, postoperative satisfaction and quality of life of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results: Before intervention, there was no significant difference in SAS and SDS scores between the two groups (P > 0.05). After the intervention, the SAS score of the observation group was (42.13 ± 6.13) and that of the control group was (52.16 ± 6.98). The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The SDS score of the observation group was (44.14 ± 4.18) and that of the control group was (52.14 ± 4.89) (P < 0.01). There were significant differences between surgical effect satisfaction and nursing satisfaction (P < 0.01). The average difference between the observation group and the control group was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Relaxation and incentive nursing can improve the postoperative anxiety and depression of plastic surgery patients, improve the postoperative satisfaction and improve the quality of life of patients. It has clinical popularization value and can be popularized and applied.

1. 前言

2. 一般资料与方法

2.1. 一般资料

2.2. 护理方法

1) 放松式护理

2) 激励式护理

2.3. 纳排标准

1) 纳入标准

① 知晓本次研究内容，自愿加入且愿意签订知情同意书的患者；② 沟通无障碍的患者；③ 数次接受整形美容手术的患者；④ 身体其他部位无创伤及严重缺陷的患者。

2) 排除标准

① 伴有严重器质性疾病、凝血功能障碍及血液系统疾病的患者；② 患有精神疾病的患者；③ 手术过程中发生严重感染的患者；④ 急诊患者；⑤ 面部创伤伤口需进行多期手术缝合的患者。

2.4. 观察指标

SAS及SDS评分：SAS及SDS满分均为100分，分值越高则说明焦虑及抑郁情况越严重。其中SAS临界分值为50，SDS临界分值为53。

2.5. 统计学方法

3. 结果与分析

3.1. 两组患者对比分析

Table 1. Statistical table of SAS and SDS scores of two groups of patients ( $\stackrel{¯}{X}±\text{S}$ )

3.2. 两组患者对比分析

Table 2. Statistical table of postoperative satisfaction of two groups of patients [n (%)]

3.3. 两组患者生活质量对比分析

Table 3. Statistical table of quality of life of patients in two groups ( $\stackrel{¯}{X}±\text{S}$ )

4. 分析与讨论

 [1] 邢玉虹, 任红, 王娜. 协同护理模式对面部整形术后患者负性情绪及生活质量的影响[J]. 中国美容医学, 2019, 28(9): 138-142. [2] 李维. 激励式心理护理对减轻整形美容手术患者疼痛的研究进展[J]. 家有孕宝, 2021, 3(18): 293. [3] 范晓盼. 个性化沟通配合激励式心理护理对整形美容患者负性情绪与应对方式的影响[J]. 养生大世界, 2021(14): 260. [4] 曹萍. 放松式和激励式心理护理对减轻整形美容手术患者疼痛的效果探讨[J]. 医学美学美容, 2020, 29(5): 30-31. [5] 马琳. 关于放松式和激励式护理模式对整形美容患者术后焦虑及疼痛的影响效果分析[J]. 饮食保健, 2020, 7(8): 185.