AP  >> Vol. 3 No. 1 (January 2013)

    Study on the Cognitive Evaluation of Anxious Group under Different Emotional Priming

  • 全文下载: PDF(366KB) HTML   XML   PP.28-33   DOI: 10.12677/AP.2013.31005  
  • 下载量: 2,494  浏览量: 7,302   科研立项经费支持



情绪启动状态焦虑特质焦虑认知评价 Emotional Priming; State Anxiety; Trait Anxiety; Cognitive Evaluation


本文采用Spielberger的《状态——特质焦虑量表》筛选被试并按照得分把焦虑群体分为高状态焦虑组、高特质焦虑组和低焦虑组,每组30人。通过E-prime软件编制的内隐和外显情绪启动下焦虑被试对事物认知评价的实验,结果表明:1) 在外显实验中,积极情绪启动条件下的认知评价明显好于消极情绪启动的认知评价;2) 在消极情绪启动条件下,高状态焦虑组的认知评价要好于高特质焦虑组;3) 在内隐实验中,消极情绪启动条件下,高状态焦虑组和低焦虑组的认知评价存在显著差异,但是低焦虑组和高特质焦虑组之间没有显著差异。但是,外显实验中,低焦虑组的认知评价要好于高状态焦虑组和高特质焦虑组。

This Research was studied through two experiments, the cognitive evaluation of anxiety under different emotional priming from two aspects of implicit and explicit. We divide the subjects into three groups and each type is 30 people. The results are as follows: 1) In explicit experiment, cognitive evaluation under positive emotional priming is significantly better than under negative emotional priming; 2) Under negative emotional priming, cognitive evaluation of high state anxious group is better than cognitive evaluation of high trait anxious group; 3) Under negative emotional priming, there is significant differences between cognitive evaluation of low anxious group and high state anxious group. In explicit experiment, cognitive evaluation of low anxious group is better than evaluation of high anxious group both under positive and negative emotional priming.

韦洪涛, 白大文, 刘婉清. 焦虑群体在不同情绪启动下对事物认知评价的差异[J]. 心理学进展, 2013, 3(1): 28-33. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/AP.2013.31005


[1] 李文利, 钱铭怡(1995). 状态特质焦虑量表中国大学生常模修订. 北京大学学报(自然科学版), 1期, 109-114.
[2] 汪向东, 王希林, 马弘(1999). 心理卫生评定量表手册. 北京: 中国心理卫生杂志社, 239-240.
[3] 肖琼, 王淑兰(2004). 中学生考试焦虑及其考试认知评价. 中国心理卫生杂志, 7期, 513.
[4] 刘志宏(2005). 初中生校园压力因果模型建构与压力疏导团体辅导研究. 辽宁师范大学博士研究生学位论文, 大连.
[5] 赵永红, 李军(2010). 特质焦虑运动员对情绪信息的注意偏向. 中国体育科技, 4期, 122-127.
[6] Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer.
[7] Burgess, E. S., & Haaga, D. A. F. (1998). Appraisals, coping responses, and attributions as predictors of individual differences in negative emotions among pediatric cancer patients. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 457-473.
[8] Hamama-Raz, Y., Solomon, Z., & Schachter, J. (2007). Objective and subjective stressors and the psychological adjustment of melanoma survivors. Psycho-Oncology, 16, 287-294.
[9] Brosschot, J. F., Ruiter, C. D., & Kindt, M. K. (1999). Processing bias in anxious subjects and repressors, measured by emotional Stroop interference and attentional allocation. Personality and Individual Differences, 26, 777-793.
[10] Murphy, S. T., & Zajonc, R. B. (1993). Affect, cognition, and aware- ness: Affective priming with optimal and suboptimal stimulus expo- sures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 723-739.
[11] Henning, G. (2009). Evaluative priming from subliminal emotional words: Insights from event-related potentials and individual differ- ences related to anxiety. Consciousness and Cognition, 18, 383-400.
[12] Bower, G. H. (2005). Mood and memory. American Psychologist, 28, 351-355.
[13] Rosicky, J. A. G. (1994). Attentional bias in the processing of emo- tional information. Dissertation for the Degree of Doctor, University of Oregon, Eugene.
[14] Spielberger, C. D. (1975). Anxiety: State-trait-process. In C. D. Spielberger, & I. G. Sarason (Eds.), Stress and anxiety (Vol. 1, pp. 116- 141). New York: Hemisphere.
[15] Deborba, L., & Jacky, B. (2005). Dispositional optimism, trait anxiety and coping: Unique or shared effects on biological response to fertil- ity treatment. Health Psychology, 24, 171-178.
[16] Eysenek, M. W. (1997). Anxiety and cognition. England: Psychology Press, 214-232.