Mobile version of Hanspub

文章引用说明 更多>> (返回到该文章)



  • 标题: 国内外生态系统观测站建设进展The Construction Progress of Domestic and Foreign Ecosystem Observation Station

    作者: 王志瑞, 王济, 蔡雄飞

    关键字: 生态系统, 生态站, 观测, 网络Ecosystem; Ecological Station; Observation; Network

    期刊名称: 《Advances in Environmental Protection》, Vol.3 No.5, 2013-12-24

    摘要: 第二次工业革命以来,随着全球经济的高速增长,环境问题也越来越突出,为解决日益恶化的环境问题,国际上先后实施了多个生态系统长期研究计划。其中,美国长期生态研究网络(LTER)、英国环境变化网(ECN)和中国生态系统研究网络(CERN)是世界上最重要的三大国家网络。中国生态系统研究网络(CERN)于1988年由中科院组建,现由代表不同生态系统的42个生态站、5个分中心和1个综合中心组成。CERN目前已经成为我国生态学研究和人才培养的重要基地及国际生态监测与研究网络的重要组成部分。本文就这三大网络的建设情况进行了概述,借鉴国外生态网络建设的经验,分析了中国生态系统研究网络(CERN)建设过程中取得的成绩和需要解决的问题,并提出了一些建议。最后,一方面希望增加公众对生态系统研究网络的了解,另一方面,希望促进生态保护的发展。After the second industrial revolution, environmental issues have become increasingly serious along with the rapid growth of the global economy. In order to solve the worse and worse environmental problems, the international community has implemented a number of long-term ecological research programs. The US Long Term Ecological Research Network, the United Kingdom Environmental Change Network and the Chinese Ecological Research Net- work are the three most important national networks. Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN) was established by Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1988. It consists of forty-two field research stations, five disciplinary centers and a synthesis center at present. CERN has become a major base for ecological research and personnel training and an important component of global ecological observation and research networks. This article outlines the constructional circumstance of the three important networks. By learning from foreign experience in building ecological networks, the article sums up the achievements and problems to be solved in the process of construction of Chinese Ecological Research Network (CERN) and puts up some suggestions. Finally, on the one hand, the author hopes to increase the public’s understanding of ecological research network. On the other hand, the author wishes to promote the devel- opment of ecological protection.