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姜德娟, 李志, 王昆. 1961~2008年山东省极端温度事件时空特征分析[J]. 科技导报, 2011, 29(1): 30-35.


  • 标题: 干湿交替变化对土壤中磷形态影响及环境意义Influence of Alternative Drying-Wetting on Phosphorus Fractions in Soils with Different Organic Matter Content and Environmental Implications

    作者: 魏琳琳, 徐刚, 孙军娜, 谢文军, 邵宏波

    关键字: 磷分级, 干湿交替, 全球变化, 有机土, 贫瘠土Phosphorus Fractionation; Drying-Wetting; Climate Change; Organic Soil; Sterile Soil

    期刊名称: 《Advances in Environmental Protection》, Vol.2 No.2, 2012-06-13

    摘要: 在全球变化的背景下,干湿交替对于土壤肥力水平和水体环境质量,具有重要的研究意义。本研究采用修正Hedley土壤磷素分级方法,研究了干湿交替对不同有机质含量土壤磷形态的影响。研究结果表明,干湿交替对土壤总磷的影响不大,变异系数C.V% In the context of global change, it is of significance to study the effect of alternative drying-wetting on the soil fertility level and the environmental quality of water body. In this study, soil P was fractionated by using a modified Hedley fractionation method to examine the effect of alternative drying-wetting on phosphorus fractions in soils with different organic matter content. The results displayed no significant difference of total phosphorus between the two treatments because the coefficient of variance was less than 10%. However, there is a significant change in the distribution of soil phosphorus fractions: increase the content of labile-P (especially resin-P) and organic-P (NaHCO3-Po, NaOH-Po and Con.Hcl-Po) while decreasing the content of NaOH-pi and occlude-P. Under the alternative drying and wetting condition, resin-P increased by 121% in the organic soil, while only increasing by 31% in the sterile soil, which indicates a significant effect of alternative of drying and wetting on labile-P in soils with high organic matter content. The study indicates that alternative drying and wetting seemed to drive the phosphorus transformation from the occlude-P to labile-P and organic-P. In the context of global change, alternative drying and wetting can increase the content of labile P in the soil to improve crop growth. However, when there is rainfall or irrigation, it may aggravate the loss of soil phosphorus, which will induce the offshore eutrophication and possibly threaten the coastal environmental quality and regional ecological security.