世界文学研究  >> Vol. 3 No. 2 (June 2015)

在医学实验的背后——霍桑短篇《海德格医生的实验》之原型解读
Behind the Medical Experiment—An Archetypal Reading of Hawthorne’s “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment”

DOI: 10.12677/WLS.2015.32010, PDF, HTML, XML, 下载: 2,350  浏览: 7,049  国家科技经费支持

作者: 张诗卉, 吴兰香:东南大学外国语学院英语系,江苏 南京

关键词: 海德格医生的实验海德格医生智慧老人人格面具阴影Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment Doctor Heidegger A Wise Old Man Persona Shadow

摘要: 霍桑的短篇小说《海德格医生的实验》描述了一场四位老人饮用回春泉水实现时光倒流的实验,其主导者海德格医生自始至终展现出一副智者的姿态。如果借用荣格的智慧老人、人格面具及阴影三种原型细读故事,便可以看出海德格医生借智慧老人的伪装,逃避真实自我、把自身欲望投射在他人身上的阴暗内心。霍桑的这部短篇小说向世人指出正视自我、实现个性化的重要性。
Abstract: “Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment”, a short story written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, tells about Doctor Heidegger’s experiment in which four old people travel back to their youth by drinking the Foun-tain of Youth. By referring to three Jungian archetypes, the wise old man, the persona and the shadow, this essay argues that, beneath the appearance of a wise man, Dr. Heidegger is characte-ristic of the darker human side which is shown in his attempts to escape from his real self and project his own desires onto other people. Through this short story, Hawthorne reminds the readers of the importance of self-confrontation and individuation.

文章引用: 张诗卉, 吴兰香. 在医学实验的背后——霍桑短篇《海德格医生的实验》之原型解读[J]. 世界文学研究, 2015, 3(2): 62-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/WLS.2015.32010

参考文献

[1] Scanlon, L.E. (1962) That very singular man, Dr. Heidegger. Nineteenth-Century Fiction, 17, 253-263.
[2] 张慧荣 (2010) 评霍桑短篇小说中的身体改造和生态灾难. 文学研究, 1, 169-170.
[3] 陈慧君 (1983) 象征语言小说——《霍桑短篇小说集》拾零. 外国文学研究, 1, 94-97.
[4] Jung, C.G. (1967) The collected work of C. G. Jung. Princeton University Press, Princeton.
[5] (1965) Memories, dreams, reflections. Vintage Books, New York.
[6] 朱振武, 主编, 白案杨, 等, 撰 (2010) 胎记——霍桑短篇小说(评注本). 华东理工大学出版社, 上海.
[7] 荣格, 著, 徐德林, 译 (2011) 原型与集体无意识. 国际文化出版公司, 北京.
[8] Guerin, W., et al. (2004) A handbook of critical approaches to literature. 外语教学与研究出版社, 北京.
[9] 朱刚, 编著 (2006) 二十世纪文论. 北京大学出版社, 北京.