BIPHY  >> Vol. 4 No. 3 (August 2016)

    物理刺激遗传:蟋蟀后天致残的遗传变异行为研究
    Physical Stimulation the Genetic: Research on the Genetic Variation Behavior of Acquired Disability of Crickets

  • 全文下载: PDF(677KB) HTML   XML   PP.39-47   DOI: 10.12677/BIPHY.2016.43003  
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作者:  

杨俊宴:东南大学,江苏 南京;
朱建军:中华斗蟀上海人工孵化房,上海

关键词:
物理刺激遗传变异中华斗蟀直翅目量化研究Physical Stimulation Genetic Variation China Fighting Crickets Orthopteran Quantitative Research

摘要:

本文以中华斗蟀为例,以多年累积的人工培育实验量化数据为基础,通过进行各类物理刺激,并将成虫做种繁殖,发现其后代出现一定概率的遗传变异。进而通过对不同年龄期的若虫分别进行对比实验,揭示其年龄期与遗传突变的概率变化关系,并将其称为“物理刺激遗传”,详细剖析了这种遗传变异的规律特征。在此基础上,对中华斗蟀的须、爪钩、项背等部位进行物理刺激致残实验,以及对油葫芦、蝈蝈等直翅目昆虫进行实验,均发现有这种遗传现象。这种物理刺激遗传可以广泛运用于农业生物优质种系选育方面。

This paper found that the offspring of adult worms had a certain probability of genetic variation by various physical stimulations and by using quantitative data of artificial incubation experiment accumulated over the years, taking China fighting crickets as an example. And then, by taking comparative experiments of different ages of the nymphs, this paper revealed the relationship between their age and the probability of genetic mutation, called “physical stimulation the genetic”, analyzing the regularity of the genetic variation. Based on this, this paper took maimed experiment on Suko, claw hooks, nape and other parts of Chinese fighting crickets with physical stimulation and had found the same genetic phenomenon by experiments on the orthopteran as gryllus testaceus and grasshopper. This physical stimulation genetic can be widely used in agricultural biotechnology aminocarb and selective and breeding quality germline.

文章引用:
杨俊宴, 朱建军. 物理刺激遗传:蟋蟀后天致残的遗传变异行为研究[J]. 生物物理学, 2016, 4(3): 39-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.12677/BIPHY.2016.43003