MS  >> Vol. 7 No. 3 (May 2017)

    ZnO辐射微米球和微米带梳的特征及生长机理
    Growth Mechanism and Characterization of ZnO Radial Microspheres and Comb-Like Microbelts

  • 全文下载: PDF(2446KB) HTML   XML   PP.371-376   DOI: 10.12677/MS.2017.73050  
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作者:  

吴 亭,许永杰,李新宇,张津瑞,陈运生,陈镫善,吉愈旭:桂林理工大学理学院,广西 桂林

关键词:
ZnO辐射微米球ZnO微米带梳光致发光纳米线纳米带ZnO Radial Microspheres ZnO Comb-Like Microbelts Photoluminescence Nanowires Nanobelts

摘要:

采用化学气相沉积法成功制备出具有特殊形貌的ZnO辐射微米球以及微米带梳,并对其生长机理进行了研究。合成的ZnO样品是六方纤锌矿结构,其中,ZnO辐射微米球通过两步生长,先成核,后生长纳米线,通过实验发现辐射球状结构的形成关键步骤是在通入氧气之前形成Zn液滴。而微米带梳的生长是通过VS机制先形成微米带,一侧的纳米带阵列通过自催化生长平行于(0001)极性面形成。通过光致荧光谱测试,本文发现室温光致发光峰位于~390 nm和~495 nm处,分别对应紫外和绿光发射峰。

ZnO radial microspheres and comb-like microbelts were synthesized by Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD). The synthesized ZnO products are hexagonal wurtzite structured. The formation of ZnO radial microspheres follows a two-step process: one is nucleation and another is growth. It is found that the formation of the sphere-shaped liquid Zn droplets before adding oxygen is a key factor to control the morphology of the ZnO radial microspheres. The formation of the comb-like microbelts follows the process: the microbelt is formed by a vapor-solid (VS) growth mechanism firstly, and then the nanobelts on one side are grown by a self-catalysis growth paralleling to the (0001) polar surface. Photoluminescence (PL) spectrum shows two typical emission peaks at ~390 nm and at ~495 nm which were assigned to UV emission and green emission, respectively.

文章引用:
吴亭, 许永杰, 李新宇, 张津瑞, 陈运生, 陈镫善, 吉愈旭. ZnO辐射微米球和微米带梳的特征及生长机理[J]. 材料科学, 2017, 7(3): 371-376. https://doi.org/10.12677/MS.2017.73050

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