NST  >> Vol. 5 No. 3 (July 2017)

    Recent Advances on Palladium Alloy Membranes for Hydrogen Purification

  • 全文下载: PDF(1067KB) HTML   XML   PP.142-152   DOI: 10.12677/NST.2017.53019  
  • 下载量: 828  浏览量: 2,074  



钯合金膜氢纯化二元合金三元合金Palladium Alloy Membrane Hydrogen Purification Binary Alloy Ternary Alloy



With the development of science and technology, there is an ever-growing demand for hydrogen in the fields of chemistry and chemical industry, food industry, medical industry, and also nuclear in-dustry. The requirements for the purity of hydrogen have been changed to higher and higher. Pal-ladium alloy membrane has higher hydrogen permeability, good thermal stability and chemical stability, and mechanical strength, as well as a single selectivity to the chemical hydrogen, so it now has become the main method of extraction, separation and purification of hydrogen. This paper mainly introduces the permeation mechanism and preparation methods of palladium alloy mem-brane, and the researching status of the binary and ternary of palladium alloy membranes, also briefly introduces several palladium alloy membranes currently the most widely concerned, in-cluding Pd-Ag alloy and Pd-Y alloy, Pd-Cu alloy, Pd-Ag-Au alloy etc.

赵展, 胡石林, 叶一鸣. 钯合金氢渗透膜的研究进展[J]. 核科学与技术, 2017, 5(3): 142-152. https://doi.org/10.12677/NST.2017.53019


[1] 孙颖, 王和义, 桑革, 等. 反应堆含氚重水提氚关键技术研究进展[J]. 中国工程科学, 2007, 9(5): 1-6.
[2] 蒋国强, 孙灵霞. 氚和氚的工程技术[M]. 北京: 国防工业出版社, 2007.
[3] Yun, S. and Oyama, S.T. (2011) Correlations in Palladium Membranes for Hydrogen Separation: A Review. Journal of Membrane Science, 375, 28-45.
[4] Gallucci, F., Fernandez, E., Corengia, P., et al. (2013) Recent Advances on Mem-branes and Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production. Chemical Engineering Science, 92, 40-66.
[5] 李雪. 光催化法制备超薄钯膜及钯银合金膜的研究[D]: [博士学位论文]. 南京: 南京工业大学, 2006.
[6] Shu, J., Grandjean, B.P.A., Neste, A.V., et al. (1991) Catalytic Palladium-Based Membrane Reactors: A Review. Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, 69, 1036-1060.
[7] Wise, M.L.H. (1975) X-Ray Studies of the α/β Miscibility Gaps of Some Palladium Solid Solution-Hydrogen Systems. Journal of the Less Common Metals, 41, 115-127.
[8] Mallada, R. and Menendez, M. (2008) Inor-ganic Membranes: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications.
[9] Hao, S. and Sholl, D.S. (2011) Computational Prediction of Durable Amorphous Metal Membranes for H2 Purification. Journal of Membrane Science, 381, 192-196.
[10] Sonwane, C.G., Wilcox, J. and Ma, Y.H. (2006) Solubility of Hydrogen in Pd-Ag and Pd-Au Binary Alloys Using Density Functional Theory. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 110, 24549.
[11] Gallucci, F., Chiaravalloti, F., Tosti, S., et al. (2007) The Effect of Mixture Gas on Hy-drogen Permeation through a Palladium Membrane: Experimental Study and Theoretical Approach. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32, 1837-1845.
[12] Gallucci, F., Basile, A. and Drioli, E. (2007) Methanol as an Energy Source and/or Energy Carrier in Membrane Processes. Separation & Purification Reviews, 36, 175-202.
[13] Ozdogan, E. and Wilcox, J. (2010) Investigation of H2 and H2S Adsorption on Niobium- and Copper-Doped Palladium Surfaces. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 114, 12851-12858.
[14] Chen, L. and Sholl, D.S. (2009) First Principles Investigation of Metal Sulfides as Mem-branes in Hydrogen Purification. Journal of Membrane Science, 329, 153-159.
[15] Holleck, G.L. (2002) Diffusion and Solubility of Hydrogen in Palladium and Palladium—Silver Alloys. Journal of Physical Chemistry, 74.
[16] Kamakoti, P., Morreale, B.D., Ciocco, M.V., et al. (2005) Prediction of Hydrogen Flux through Sulfur-Tolerant Binary Alloy Membranes. Science, 307, 569.
[17] Mckinley, D.L. (1969) Method for Hydrogen Separation and Purification. US3439474.
[18] Fort, D., Farr, J.P.G. and Harris, I.R. (1975) A Comparison of Palladium-Silver and Palladium-Yttrium Alloys as Hydrogen Separation Membranes. Journal of the Less-Common Metals, 39, 293-308.
[19] Krueger, C. (2002) Method of Improving and Optimizing the Hydrogen Permeability of a Palladium-Copper Membrane and Novel Membranes Manufactured Thereby. US6372363.
[20] Hughes, D.T. and Harris, I.R. (1978) A Comparative Study of Hydrogen Permeabilities and Solubilities in Some Palladium Solid Solution Alloys. Journal of the Less Common Metals, 61, P9-P21.
[21] Sakamoto, Y., Chen, F.L., Furukawa, M., et al. (1992) ChemInform Abstract: Permeability and Diffusivity of Hydrogen in Palladium-Rich Pd-Y(Gd)-Ag Ternary Alloys. Journal of Alloys & Compounds, 185, 191-205.
[22] Dolan, M.D. (2010) Non-Pd BCC Alloy Membranes for Industrial Hydrogen Separation. Journal of Membrane Science, 362, 12-28.
[23] Mazzolai, F.M. and Lewis, F.A. (2000) Elastic Energy Dissipation in the Palladi-um-Silver-Hydrogen (Deuterium) System. I. Hydrogen-Dislocation Interaction Effects. Journal of Physics F Metal Physics, 15, 1249.
[24] Paglieri, S.N. and Way, J.D. (2002) Innovations in Palladium Membrane Re-search. Separation & Purification Reviews, 31, 1-169.
[25] Harris, I.R. and Norman, M. (1968) The Electronic State of Cerium in Some Palladium Alloys. Journal of the Less Common Metals, 15, 285-298.
[26] Subramanian, P.R. (1991) Cu-Pd (Copper-Palladium). Journal of Phase Equilibria, 12, 231-243.
[27] Piper, J. (1966) Diffusion of Hydrogen in Copper-Palladium Alloys. Journal of Ap-plied Physics, 37, 715-721.
[28] Morreale, B.D., Ciocco, M.V., Howard, B.H., et al. (2004) Effect of Hydrogen-Sulfide on the Hydrogen Permeance of Palladium-Copper Alloys at Elevated Temperatures. Journal of Membrane Science, 241, 219-224.
[29] Iyoha, O., Enick, R., Killmeyer, R., et al. (2007) The Influence of Hydrogen Sulfide-to-Hydrogen Partial Pressure Ratio on the Sulfidization of Pd and 70% mol Pd-Cu Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 305, 77-92.
[30] Braun, F., Tarditi, A.M., Miller, J.B., et al. (2014) Pd-Based Binary and Ternary Alloy Membranes: Morphological and Perm-Selective Characterization in the Presence of H2S. Journal of Membrane Science, 450, 299-307.
[31] Peters, T.A., Kaleta, T., Stange, M., et al. (2013) Development of Ternary Pd-Ag-TM Alloy Membranes with Improved Sulphur Tolerance. Journal of Membrane Science, 429, 448-458.
[32] Pati, S., Jat, R.A., Anand, N.S., et al. (2017) Pd-Ag-Cu Dense Metallic Membrane for Hydrogen Isotope Purification and Recovery at Low Pressures. Journal of Membrane Science, 522, 151-158.
[33] Coulter, K.E., Way, J.D., Gade, S.K., et al. (2012) Sulfur Tolerant Pd-Au and Pd-Au-Pt Alloy Hydrogen Separation Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 405-406, 11-19.
[34] Tarditi, A.M., Imhoff, C., Braun, F., et al. (2015) Pd-Cu-Au Ternary Alloy Membranes: Hydrogen Permeation Properties in the Presence of H2S. Journal of Membrane Science, 479, 246-255.
[35] Nayebossadri, S., Speight, J. and Book, D. (2014) Effects of Low Ag Additions on the Hydrogen Permeability of Pd- Cu-Ag Hydrogen Separation Membranes. Journal of Membrane Science, 451, 216-225.